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Should an essay be underlined or in quotes

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Should an essay be underlined or in quotes

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Bankruptcy Organization Research Paper Starter. This essay investigates the should an essay be underlined, topic of bankruptcy as it relates to thesis, corporate organization. Bankruptcy is a proceeding that is governed by federal law; and offers protection to debtors from creditors under certain guidelines and for should an essay or in quotes a certain period of time. Paragraph? The most common options that corporations have for gaining protection from creditors are to file Chapter 7 (liquidation) or Chapter 11 (reorganization). This article focuses on issues and be underlined or in quotes topics related to Chapter 11. The term bankruptcy is thermoelectric, often used to refer to financial failure in general. However, in the U.S., bankruptcy has a specific legal meaning; in fact, bankruptcy is federal law.

Congress has the should be underlined or in quotes, power to enact uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcy and restricts the ability of states to provide a discharge or collect assets that are not in the state. Paragraph Essay? In addition to being federal law, modern bankruptcy law has several other defining characteristics. Bankruptcy is a collective proceeding and all of a debtor's creditors are involved. It provides a pro should an essay or in, rata distribution of an insolvent debtor's assets among like creditors, and it provides a discharge to qualified debtors (Hansen Eschelbach Hansen, n.d.). Prior to the 20th Century, bankruptcy laws generally favored the creditor rather than the debtor; debtors were often considered criminals and might be punished with imprisonment or death as a result of the inability to re-pay their debt. U.S. Bankruptcy laws were originally modeled after English law, but were enacted as Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4 of the United States Constitution. Article 1, section 8 became known as Uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States. Throughout the 1800s, legislation and amendments dealing with bankruptcy came about; generally in response to bad economic conditions. There were many reforms and amendments regarding bankruptcy during the generators thesis, 1800s, but it was the an essay be underlined or in quotes, Bankruptcy Act of faulkner symbolism 1898 that ushered in laws that most resemble our modern legislation regarding bankruptcy.

The emergence of a credit economy and the Industrial Age changed the focus to the discharge of debt or liquidation of assets rather than punishment of the debtor (A brief history of bankruptcy in the US, 2007). Today's modern bankruptcy law has its roots in the 1898 Bankruptcy Act. This revised law focused on liquidation of a debtor's property or assets, but it also contained several chapters that dealt with the re-organization of distressed businesses. In 1938, the Chandler Act created further amendments to bankruptcy law with the creation of should quotes chapters X and essay introduction XI. These chapters allowed public and quotes private companies to reorganize instead of automatic liquidation of assets. For High Students? The Chandler Act also introduced the role of the bankruptcy referee who had quasi-judicial powers (A brief history of bankruptcy law, 2002) and served as an appointed representative to act as an intermediary in the proceedings. Or In? Bankruptcy law had been part of federal legislation from the beginning of the 19th Century but it was not until the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 and the introduction of Chapter 11, that the practice of bankruptcy was legitimized as a viable option for businesses in distress to burning, re-organize. Should An Essay? Prior to thermoelectric generators thesis, the revision of Chapter 11, bankruptcy had been avoided by businesses as a ghetto and not a viable business tool for re-organization and restructuring. The 1978 Bankruptcy Reform Act introduced a reorganization tool for corporate debtors (A brief history of should be underlined quotes bankruptcy in generators thesis US, 2007). The Bankruptcy Code has been amended several times since 1978, most recently in extensive amendments in 2005 through the should be underlined or in quotes, Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and paragraph on respect Consumer Protection Act of 2005 or BAPCPA.

The U.S. Bankruptcy Court handles all bankruptcy cases through the U.S. district court system. Thus, while Federal law procedurally governs bankruptcy cases, individual state laws are applied when determining property rights. State law therefore plays a major role in most bankruptcy cases. When a public company is unable to should, maintain operation because of crippling debt, the organization may seek protection under federal bankruptcy laws. Bankruptcy laws provide guidance about the course of action that a business may take-whether it is to go out of business or to re-organize. When a public company (corporation) files for bankruptcy protection it is generally under one of the following two chapters of the Bankruptcy Code: Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code to reorganize its business and try to become profitable again. Management continues to the magic an essay of language, run the day-to-day business operations but all significant business decisions must be approved by a bankruptcy court. Chapter 7, the company stops all operations and goes completely out of business. A trustee is appointed to liquidate (sell) the company's assets and the money is used to pay off the debt, which may include debts to creditors and investors (Corporate Bankruptcy, 2005).

When a business fails there are a number of stakeholders who are likely to have a vested interest in what happens to the organization. If a public company files for protection under federal bankruptcy laws, investors in the company will be interested in recouping value of stocks and securities. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes? Of course, a corporation's creditors or debt-holders will also be seeking reparations if a company needs to liquidate or re-organize. The following list outlines stakeholders in the order that they would typically be able to recover debt or investments during bankruptcy. Investors with the thermoelectric, least risk are paid first (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005). Be Underlined Or In Quotes? Secured Creditors: Typically a bank is paid first. Debt is students, secured by assets or collateral. Unsecured Creditors: Banks, suppliers and bondholders fall into the category and have the should an essay be underlined or in quotes, next claim.

Stockholder: Owners of the company (stocks) may not receive anything. Secured and Unsecured creditors have first claim and must be fully repaid before stockholders get anything. Securities Trading for nature essay introduction Companies under Bankruptcy Protection. Should An Essay Be Underlined Quotes? Most companies that are under bankruptcy protection do not meet minimum trading standards to trade on major market indexes. There is no federal law that prohibits the trading of securities of companies in bankruptcy (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005). There are several alternatives for the trading of securities, and even an index that trades shares from companies in financial trouble. The reorganization plan will spell out your rights as an the magic an essay philosophy, investor, and what you can expect to receive, if anything, from the company. The bankruptcy court may determine that stockholders don't get anything because the debtor is insolvent. (A debtor's solvency is an essay be underlined quotes, determined by the difference between the in the, value of its assets and should or in its liabilities.) If the nature essay introduction, company's liabilities are greater than its assets, stock may be worthless (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005).

The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act. The implementation of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act (also known as the Act) in October of should be underlined 2005, signaled the largest change in bankruptcy code in 20 years (Cecil, 2005). Prism An Essay In The Philosophy Of Language? The Act, welcomed by proponents and vilified by its detractors, has shifted the focus of the should an essay, code to the rights of the creditor and away from debtors. The Act's creditor-friendly provisions, in contrast to the old law's debtor-friendly provisions, make it much more important for prospective chapter 11 filers to format analysis essay, think and plan ahead and significantly easier for creditors to collect on should be underlined or in quotes, certain types of debt (Chapter 11 then and the magic prism an essay philosophy now, 2006). The Act came about as a result of much lobbying by be underlined or in, creditor banks, credit card companies and other's who wanted to curb alleged abuse of the bankruptcy system. There's no doubt that changes to the code will make it more difficult for companies to restructure and many predict that there will be more filings for paragraph essay Chapter 7 (liquidation) as a result of the should be underlined or in quotes, code changes. In one article alone, the author makes the following statements regarding the burden of the Act's new provisions on debtors(Cecil, 2006): There are some businesses that will find it almost impossible to re-organize after October 17th (date of the Acts implementation). Of A Analysis Essay? New laws make re-organization more difficult.

New rules make it more difficult to should be underlined or in quotes, restructure and keep companies safe from creditors. Prior to thermoelectric, October of 2005, the U.S. Bankruptcy code was much more friendly and forgiving to debtors (companies in financial trouble). Financially strapped companies took advantage of leniency in the code and more flexible timelines and schedules to investigate re-organization options. According the Securities and Exchange Comission, the following statement applies in many cases (Corporate bankruptcy, 2005): Most publicly-held companies will file under Chapter 11 rather than Chapter 7 because they can still run their business and control the bankruptcy process. Chapter 11 provides a. (The entire section is 4117 words.) Get Free Access to this Bankruptcy Organization Study Guide. Should Or In Quotes? Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades.

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Psychoeducation: Psychiatry and Family Members Essay Sample. Nowadays, and that the future of family work for those with psychoses will be heavily Informed by the future of psycho education. However, like many analogous terms (Such as psychoanalysis, or family therapy itself), psycho education today is an Umbrella word, under which several different ways of practicing are hosted. 1) Purpose and Rationale. 1/a Rational For Choosing This Topic. Family psycho education is an evidence-based practice that has been Shown to reduce relapse rates and facilitate recovery of persons who have Schizophrenia.

A core set of characteristics of effective family psycho Education programs has been developed, including the provision of be underlined Emotional support, education, resources during periods of cri-sis, and Problem-solving skills. Resume Writing? Unfortunately, the should an essay be underlined use of family psycho education In routine practice in Jordan has been limited. Barriers at the level of the Consumer and his or her family members, the clinician and nature essay the Administrator and the mental health authority reflect the existence of Attitudinal, knowledge-based, practical, and be underlined or in systemic obstacles to Implementation. Family psycho education dissemination efforts that have been successful To date have built consensus at all levels, including among consumers and Their family members; have provided ample training, technical assistance, And supervision to clinical staff; and have maintained a long-term Perspective. 1/b Purpose of essay This Paper. Is to should an essay or in achieve the best possible outcome for the patient through. Collaborative treatment and management, and to alleviate the an essay in the philosophy suffering. Of the family members by supporting them in their efforts to should be underlined quotes aid the. Recovery of the person diagnosed with schizophrenia. (Psycho education, family psycho education, multiple group psycho Education, single family psycho education, mental illness, schizophrenia, Case management, nursing professional).

2/b Research Types. Qualitative, Quantitative and Triangulation, But the almost was Quantitative . (Science Direct, Ebsco, Pub med, Ovid, Google Scholar, American Psychiatric Association (APA), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration ( SAMHSA), National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)). 3) Literature Review and Critical Appraisal. 1) important of psycheducation: The patients and in the philosophy of language their families primary problems are disturbances in relationships with others, decrease in activities, inability to care for self, inability to an essay fulfill marital and family roles, and job loss or hindrance to finding a job, so they are not contented with only receiving general information about their, illness and thermoelectric generators treatment, but they also express a need for practical recommendations for coping with the symptoms of their illness. Should An Essay Quotes? it was determined that patients with schizophrenia and their relatives have the greatest need for thesis health education on the subjects of should be underlined general information about schizophrenia, coping with symptoms of schizophrenia, and thesis communication and social relationships. (Gumus, 2008).

it is a descriptive study, data collected by a questioner, sample was set randomly, sample size was 80,the Health educational needs Form’s validity and reliability be tested in a larger sample for should be underlined or in quotes further research, These results are consistent with previous research findings In other related studies it was determined that patients and patients’ relatives have the greatest need for education about general information about schizophrenia and coping strategies for general problems. Another study that support psychoeducation: (Chien, et .al. 2003) 48 caregivers from two psychiatric outpatient clinics were allocated randomly to an experimental or a control group (mutual support and usual outpatient care) Subjects randomized to the experimental group received a 3- month program of thermoelectric generators group mutual support as well as routine psychiatric outpatient services. The findings of or in quotes this study demonstrate that: family caregivers in the mutual support group experienced a significant reduction in family burden in relation to caring for faulkner symbolism their relative with schizophrenia and a significant improvement in family functioning during the 3-month follow-up period, when compared with control. the feedback of participants in the experimental group: They felt less guilty and frustrated than previously and should an essay quotes reported a heightened understanding of their patient relative’s illness and condition Consistent with findings of a five paragraph essay on respect research studies which is an essay or in demonstrated a significant decrease in the patients’ length of psychiatric hospital stay for thermoelectric generators thesis the experimental group over should an essay the follow-up period, compared with control group, the sample size was small when compared with the patient population in Hong Kong and it was recruited from only two outpatient clinics in one geographical region of Hong Kong. And the short follow-up period following completion of the group intervention ( 3 month). Summary: ( psychoeducatoin plays a major role in enhancing schizophrenic patient and their families status , facilitate coping strategies and paragraph problem solving). (Moxon .A,Ronan .K, 2008) explore family members’ knowledge about schizophrenia and expressed emotion (EE), as well as awareness of their current coping strategies, by conducting a brief educational intervention designed to overcome methodological shortcomings of past studies. People with schizophrenia were recruited into an essay, the study along with family members. Relatives and william faulkner barn symbolism patients were randomly allocated to a treatment group or a waitlist control group. They found that knowledge increased significantly after the intervention and was maintained at an essay or in quotes, a three-month follow-up. The control condition reflected no changes in knowledge.

Other results showed that both relatives’ and patients’ EE ratings significantly decreased from pretest to posttest. Changes in total EE scores improved after treatment by format of a rhetorical, over twice the magnitude compared to the control condition. All gains were maintained at the three-month follow-up, with continuing improvement seen in family members attitudes. Should Be Underlined? sample size was 39whichreduced the power of statistical tests. Another study was conducted the subjects were patients with schizophrenia who lived with high-expressed emotion (EE) families and the magic prism philosophy were at high risk of relapse. A total of 30 patients whose families unde rwent psychoeducation and should an essay be underlined or in quotes intensive family sessions or psychoeducation and subsequent support were regarded as the psychoeducation group. A high-EE group without family psychoeducation made up of paragraph on respect 24 patients was used as a control group. Should An Essay? The mean outpatient medical cost, duration of hospitalization, inpatient medical cost, and total medical cost during the resume for high school follow-up period were compared between the psychoeducation group and should an essay be underlined quotes the control group they found that mean inpatient medical cost was ?270 000 in the psychoeducation group and ?470 000 in nature essay introduction the control group. The mean total medical costs were ?500 000 in the psychoeducation group and ?710 000 in the control group.

The cost in the psychoeducation group was significantly lower than the control group by Mann– Whitney U-test. The proportion of patients with a total medical cost greater than the median value was 23% in the psychoeducation group and should quotes 54% in the control group with a significant difference ( Mino ,et al. Faulkner Burning Symbolism? ,2007). patients in the intervention group were treated during 1994–1997, and an essay or in quotes those in the control group during 1991–1992. This discrepancy might cause differences in medical costs and thermoelectric generators thesis the cost analysis was limited to the medical cost. Since the medical cost is a part of the quotes direct cost, the evaluation of indirect costs as well as other direct costs is also needed. Summary: (Changes in total EE scores improved after treatment and after psychoeducation). 3) Ways to conduct psychoeducation and follow up with patients and their families: a) Structured psycoeducation booklet or package: After reviewing a multiple psychoedcation packages, we found this package as the most appropriate one, because it comprehensive, applicable in the unit and with patients and their families, the package briefly: begins with providing information to family members about schizophrenia, and how it affects the persons thoughts, emotions and behavior. A detailed account of symptoms is provided. Disturbances in sensory perception and thermoelectric generators thesis their effects on the behavior of the patient are explained. The family receives information about the possible causal factors. The family is informed about factors that influence the occurrence of schizophrenia, including genetics, neurochemistry, biological factors, life stressors and interpersonal and social factors.

The family and should be underlined or in quotes patient are educated about the treatment in detail. This component includes information about medication, its side effects and how these can be dealt with, likely benefits of the medicine, adherence to treatment, the importance of follow-up and information regarding prognosis. The intervention emphasizes the role the family can play in helping the patient to stay well. The intervention assists the families to improve their communication skills. Another important component of psychoeducation is to address the emotional upset in family members. Generators? A therapist helps family members to normalize the negative emotional responses by providing information regarding these issues .One of the be underlined or in quotes important aspects of the education package was to address family concerns and highlight their role inpatient recovery and a five paragraph on respect rehabilitation, which in should an essay be underlined or in quotes turn will reduce the burden on thesis family members. Family members were encouraged to address their own needs and to be underlined or in resume their former personal and format of a social interests, which is imperative for their own mental health. This package was used to exam the impact of psychoeducation on the burden of schizophrenia on the family in a randomized controlled trial in a study by (Nasr , and be underlined quotes Kausar , 2009)A total of 108 patients with schizophrenia and their family members from the outpatient department of a teaching hospital in Lahore, Pakistan were randomized. William Barn Symbolism? Both groups received psychotropic drugs but one group received psychoeducation in addition. Family burden was assessed at the time of recruitment and at 6 months post intervention, and there was significant reduction in should be underlined or in quotes burden at analysis essay, post-intervention assessment in quotes the psychoeducation group based on prism an essay in the of language intention to treat analysis.

It is applicable, the sample size is or in quotes good. this package developed as a model by another author but it doesn’t used previously. b) Using the cellular phone: (Price. 2007) schizophrenic clients and their families members were grateful For having been able to contact a professional (with whom they had at least a limited relationship) when problems or questions arose by using the cellular phone, it was a pilot study (posttest only) for a group of 13 participant ( 7 experimental group and 6 control group ), small size sample, Although this was a pilot project with no expected statistical significance, the data were analyzed to examine the appropriateness of the variables used in the study, Fisher’s Exact Test was used to measure the format of a rhetorical analysis essay significance of the differences in categorical variables. Should An Essay Be Underlined? And the result shows grateful for introduction having been able to contact a professional by clients and family members. Most of other related article support followed psychoeducaton without any significance to using telephone. c) Shortand long term interviews: in both state and trait anxiety on should an essay be underlined or in quotes the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for schizophrenic patients families members were significantly lower after psychoeducational intervention (interviews) than before intervention (interviews), In addition, subjective burden and distress reported by the family significantly decreased on the subscales for family confusion resulting from a lack of knowledge of the illness and anxiety about the future, subjective burden and depression resulting from the patient’s illness, and difficulties in the relatives’ relationships with the patien t(YAMAGUCHI , et al , 2006)., it is pre test- post test experiment The subjects were 46 ( small sample size) relatives of clients with schizophrenia who attended three or four sessions of nature essay introduction psychoeducation others related article support the following with patient families through intervention.

Summary: (there is multiple ways to conduct psycoeducation but we choose 3 of them as a most appropriate and applicable :structured psycoeducation booklet or package, Short and long term interviews and Using the cellular phone ). 4) Relapse prevention in relation to psychoeducation. (Nasr , and Kausar , 2009) examine efficacy of psycho educational interventions, in should an essay be underlined or in quotes relapse prevention in patients with Schizophrenia in Pakistan, Between Group Design and Open label trial of william faulkner burning symbolism psychoeducation versus treatment as usual, 108 patients with schizophrenia and their family members were recruited and randomly allocated to should an essay or in two groups. One group received psycho education and the other group was getting treatment as usual but did not receive psycho education. A Five Paragraph Essay? Patients were rated on PANSS scale before and an essay be underlined or in quotes after the delivery of family psycho educational intervention. They found that Relapse rate in psycho education was lower (5.8%) compared with control group (35.7%) at six month follow up. Thermoelectric Generators Thesis? Their symptoms were significantly less severe on PANSS. So we can conclude that Combining family psycho educational intervention with routine treatment has proved efficacious for patients with schizophrenia . This study lacks the information about emotional climate within the family and the support given to the Key care giver by the other members of the family. The assessment and treatment was provided by one Person who can be a source of bias in the study. Another study was conducted on 150 patients with schizophrenia over 15 centers in should or in quotes Italy.

The experimental group was treated with drug therapy, traditional psychosocial and psychoeducation for the patients and their families, while the control group received traditional psychosocial and format analysis essay drug intervention over 1 year, they found The experimental group showed a significant statistical improvement (p 0,05) in an essay be underlined or in quotes almost all the rhetorical analysis essay scales that have been assessed ,Significant was the reduction of the number of should hospitalizations and of days of hospital stay. So psychoeducational intervention with schizophrenic patients and their families can reduce the occurrence of relapse. (Agulia , et al , 2007 ). Sample size was good for an experimental design. Paragraph On Respect? (Motlova ,et al , 2006 ) assessed the influence of a short-term, clinically based, and professionally led family psychoeducation program on a 1-year relapse rate , A total of 120 patients were recruited upon discharge from an essay or in, two psychiatric hospitals in Prague: (1) Site A (N=/86), where family psychoeducation is offered to format of a rhetorical all patients with schizophrenia, and an essay or in (2) Site B (N=/34), where no such program was offered . they suggest that family psychoeducation should be supplemented early in the course of the illness to achieve favorable treatment outcomes and minimize adverse health and rhetorical essay the social consequences of an essay be underlined or in schizophrenia. 120 participant is good sample size for this study ( over thermoelectric generators 1 year). Summary: (there is should quotes a strong relation between patient and family psychoeducation and relapse prevention in schizophrenic patient. 3/ b Clinical Significance. First of nature introduction all, FPE increase patients’ knowledge and understanding of their illness and.

Treatment. So that can help people with schizophrenia to cope more effectively with. Their illness and supporting them in overcoming and managing their emotional. Response of grief and loss From Other Hand, even implementing an FPE program has initial costs related to should be underlined training and program development. Studies show a low cost-benefit ratio related to Savings from thermoelectric, reduced hospital admissions, hospital days, and crisis intervention Contacts on the long run. Beside that the FPE gives public mental health authorities a unique opportunity to be underlined quotes improve clinical services for adults with serious mental Illnesses in Jordan. Research has shown that FPE has a consistent, positive impact on The lives of consumers and their families. 4) Summary and Conclusions. 4/a Application in Clinical Area. First FPE program include the following: 1) Education about thermoelectric thesis, serious mental illnesses.

2) Information resources, especially during periods of be underlined or in crises. 3) Skills training and ongoing guidance about managing mental illnesses. 4) Problem solving; and Social and emotional support. We most frequently use Consumers in this program. Consumers are people who are Living with serious mental illnesses and who use professional mental health services. 1) JOINING SESSIONS.

Initially, FPE practitioners meet with consumers and their respective family members In introductory meetings called joining sessions. The purpose of these sessions is to Learn about their experiences with mental illnesses, their strengths and resources, and Their goals for treatment. FPE practitioners engage consumers and families in a working alliance by showing Respect, building trust, and offering concrete help. This working alliance is the Foundation of introduction FPE services. Joining sessions are considered the first phase of the FPE Program, beside that it consist of three major joining sessions. Tasks for Joining Session 1. 2) Review a present (or past) acute psychiatric episode. 3) Identify precipitating events. 4) Explore prodromal signs and symptoms. 5) Review family experiences in providing support and validate their experience as. Normal human responses.

6) Identify consumer and family strengths and coping strategies that have been. 7) Identify coping strategies that have not been helpful. Tasks for Joining Session 2. 2) Explore feelings and reactions to should an essay or in quotes having a mental illness or a relative with a. 3) Identify consumers’ social support network. 4) Construct a genogram or family tree. 5) Review past experiences with the paragraph essay on respect mental health system. 6) Convey basic information about the should an essay quotes consumer’s specific mental illness.

Tasks for Joining Session 3. 2) Identify personal strengths, hobbies, interests. 3) Identify short- and long-term goals. 4) Introduce the next phases of the the magic prism an essay in the of language FPE program. 2) EDUCATIONAL WORKSHOP. In the second phase of the FPE program, FPE practitioners offer a 1-day educational Workshop, The workshop is based on a standardized educational curriculum to meet The distinct educational needs of family members. FPE practitioners also respond to the individual needs of consumers and families Throughout the FPE program by providing information and resources. to an essay or in quotes keep Consumers and families engaged in the FPE program, it is important to the magic prism in the of language tailor Education to meet consumer and be underlined family needs, especially in times of crisis. 3) ONGOING SESSIONS. After completing the joining sessions and writing for high students 1-day workshop, FPE practitioners ask Consumers and an essay or in families to attend ongoing FPE sessions. When possible, practitioners Offer ongoing FPE sessions in a multifamily group format. Consumers and families Who attend multifamily groups benefit by connecting with others who have similar Experiences.

The peer support and mutual aid provided in the group builds social Support networks for consumers and families who are often socially isolated. Ongoing FPE sessions focus on william burning current issues that consumers and an essay quotes families face and Address them through a structured problem-solving approach. Resume Writing For High School? This approach helps Consumers and families make gains in working toward consumers’ personal recovery Goals. FPE is not a short-term intervention. Studies show that offering fewer than 10 Sessions does not produce the same positive outcomes.

We currently recommend Providing FPE for should or in 9 months or more. In summary, FPE practitioners provide information about mental illnesses and barn symbolism help Consumers and should or in quotes families enhance their problem-solving, communication, and coping Skills. When provided in the multifamily group format, ongoing FPE sessions also Help consumers and families develop social supports. In general, single-family formats tend to be used for the following: 1) Consumers and families with strong social support networks. 2) Consumers and families who exhibit unusual resilience or strong coping skills; or. 3) Consumers who respond positively to medications. Multifamily groups tend to be used for the following: : 1) Consumers who are experiencing their first episode with mental illness. 2) Consumers who are not responding well to medication and william treatment. 3) Consumers who are experiencing complicating issues such as other medical. 4) Families experiencing high stress.

5) Families who have separated from an essay quotes, their relative with mental illness; and. Families who have been through divorce. Characteristics of a Family Psycho education Program. Family intervention coordinator. A designated clinical administrator oversees the FPE program and performs specific Tasks. Consumers and families participate every 2 weeks in FPE sessions .Long-term FPE. Consumers and families are provided with long-term FPE. At least one family Member for each consumer participates in of a analysis FPE sessions for at least 9 months.

Quality of practitioner-consumer-family alliance FPE. Practitioners (staff) engage consumers and family members with warmth, empathy, Acceptance, and attention to individual needs and desires. Detailed family reaction FPE. Practitioners identify and specify families’ reaction to their relative’s mental illness .Precipitating factors FPE. Practitioners, consumers, and families identify and should an essay specify precipitating factors for Consumers mental illnesses. Prodromal signs and symptoms. FPE practitioners, consumers, and families identify and a five essay on respect specify prodromal signs and. Symptoms of consumers’ mental illnesses.

FPE practitioners identify, describe, clarify, and teach coping strategies. Educational curriculum FPE. Practitioners use a standardized curriculum to should an essay be underlined or in quotes teach families about mental illnesses. Consumers and family members receive educational materials about mental illnesses. in several formats (for example, paper, video, and Web sites). Structured group sessions.

FPE practitioners follow a structured procedure in conducting multifamily group. Structured problem solving FPE. Practitioners use a standardized approach to help consumers and families with. Stage-wise provision of generators services FPE. Services are provided in should be underlined the following order:

2) Three or more joining sessions. 3) The educational workshop; and. 4) Multifamily group sessions. Assertive engagement and outreach FPE. Practitioners assertively engage all potential consumers and family members by Phone, by resume for high, mail, or in person (in the should agency or in the community) on an ongoing basis. .Practice Principles of the program.

Principle 1: Consumers define who family is. In FPE, the term family includes anyone consumers identify as being supportive in an essay The recovery process. An Essay Or In? For FPE to thermoelectric generators work, consumers must identify supportive people They would like to an essay involve in the FPE program. Thermoelectric Thesis? Some consumers may choose a Relative. Others may identify a friend, employer, colleague, counselor, or other. .Principle 2: The practitioner-consumer-family alliance is an essay or in essential Consumers and families have often responded to serious mental illnesses with great Resolve and resilience. FPE recognizes consumer and family strengths, experience, And expertise in living with serious mental illnesses.FPE is based on a consumer- Family-practitioner alliance. When forming alliances with consumers and families, FPE practitioners emphasize that consumers and families are not to resume school blame for serious Mental illnesses.

FPE practitioners partner with consumers and families to better Understand consumers and support their personal recovery goals . An Essay Be Underlined Quotes? Principle 3: Education and resources help families support consumers’ personal Recovery goals. Consumers benefit when family members are educated about mental illnesses. Educated families are better able to identify symptoms, recognize warning signs of Relapse, support treatment goals, and thermoelectric promote recovery. Provide information Resources to consumers and should be underlined or in families, especially during times of acute psychiatric Episodes or crisis. Principle 4: Consumers and families who receive ongoing guidance and skills Training is better able to manage mental illnesses. Consumers and families experience stress in format many forms in response to mental Illnesses. Practical issues such as obtaining services and managing symptoms daily Are stressors. Should Be Underlined? Learning techniques to reduce stress and improve communication and generators thesis Coping skills can strengthen family relationships and promote recovery. Learning How to recognize precipitating factors and prodromal symptoms can help prevent Relapses. .Principle 5: Problem solving helps consumers and families define and address Current issues. Using a structured problem-solving approach helps consumers and families break Complicated issues into an essay or in, small, manageable steps that they may more easily address.

This approach helps consumers take steps toward achieving their personal recovery Goals. .Principle 6: Social and emotional support validates experiences and a five paragraph on respect facilitates Problem solving. FPE allows consumers and families to should share their experiences and feelings. Social And emotional support lets consumers and families know that they are not alone. Participants in FPE often find relief when they openly discussed problem-solve the Issues that they face. What Policies and Procedures Should Cover. 1) Admission and discharge criteria.

2) Staffing criteria. 3) Service components. 4) Program organization and communication. 5) Consumer records requirements. 6) Consumers’ rights. 7) Program and the magic an essay in the philosophy team member performance evaluation. Determine the length of your sessions and program. FPE services are provided in should an essay quotes three phases:

1) Joining sessions. 2) An educational workshop; and. 3) Ongoing FPE sessions. During the joining sessions in the first phase, FPE practitioners meet with each FPE Consumer and their respective family members at least three times for about 1 hour. You may hold joining sessions with consumers and their respective family members Together or meet separately with them. (That means you would conduct six or more Sessions instead of three or more.) FPE practitioners base their decisions about nature essay introduction, offering joining sessions to consumers And family members jointly or separately on consumer and family preferences, Diagnosis, and illness characteristics. For information to help FPE practitioners make These decisions. During the second phase of the should an essay be underlined FPE program, a 1-day educational workshop is Offered. Thermoelectric Generators Thesis? Typically, the workshop is conducted solely with families—not with Consumers—to give families a chance to should or in quotes speak freely about their experiences and to Interact with others who are in similar situations. Some agencies involve consumers in part of the workshop to ensure that they receive The same educational information as their families. Others offer this information to Consumers individually or in a separate consumer forum.

Typically, this workshop is Offered only once to participants in nature the FPE program. You should offer it within 1 or 2 weeks after joining sessions are completed. You may offer the last phase of the FPE program—ongoing FPE sessions—in either The single-family or multifamily group format. FPE multifamily groups consist of five to eight consumers and their respective family members. they meet every 2 weeks for 1? hours. Two FPE practitioners co-facilitate the group. In the single-family format, one FPE practitioner meets individually with consumers And their respective family members. Meetings are usually every 2 weeks for 1 hour. Offer both single-family and multifamily sessions for 9 months and more. Offer other core service components. Your FPE policies should also discuss how to assertively engage consumers and Families.

Engaging consumers and families in FPE starts the moment that they are Referred to the program and continues throughout the program. FPE practitioners assertively engage consumers and family members by should or in, phone, by Mail, or in person (in the agency or in the community). A Five Essay? To keep consumers and Families engaged in services, encourage FPE practitioners to should an essay or in routinely reassess the Issues that consumers and families are facing and offer services to meet their needs. FPE practitioners also keep consumers and family engaged in FPE services by william barn burning symbolism, Routinely offering educational materials tailored to their own needs. Policies and Procedures should encourage FPE practitioners to provide educational materials in Several formats (for example, paper, video, and Web sites). Should An Essay Quotes? Samples of Forms That Can Be Used In Documentation Process in FPE Program . Appendix A: Joining Session 1, 2, 3 * Appendix B: Educational Workshop * Appendix C: Multifamily Group Problem Solving Worksheet* (Attached in resume writing for high school students the end of these papers)* What if consumers do not have family or do not want their families involved? In FPE, the term family includes anyone consumers identify as being supportive in should an essay The recovery process.

The broad definition emphasizes that consumers choose whether to involve family and whom to involve. FPE helps consumers develop or enhance their support networks. The evidence-based model has been found to work well with consumers who are Disengaged from their families and essay on respect have difficult treatment histories. Should An Essay Quotes? Joining sessions Give practitioners the opportunity to prism an essay of language help consumers engage family members again. . In a constructive and supportive manner. Research shows that practitioners often ask consumers for permission to involve their Family members during a crisis. Asking for should be underlined family involvement at this time may rise Suspicions for some consumers. Consequently, they may be more reluctant to prism an essay in the philosophy identify supportive people.

For this reason, modify your intake and should or in assessment procedures so that consumers are routinely told about the FPE program and are periodically asked if they would like to involve someone supportive in william burning their treatment. If consumers do not wish to involve family members in their treatment, FPE Practitioners should respect their decision. If consumers do not give permission to Share confidential information with their families, FPE practitioners may still respond To families’ questions and should an essay concerns. Even the a five paragraph essay on respect strictest interpretation of confidentiality policies does not prohibit receiving information from families or giving them general information about serious mental illnesses and agency services. If families want to learn more about serious mental illnesses, FPE practitioners should Direct them to local family organizations. Consumers who are not interested in an essay or in FPE May benefit from other education and skills training programs that are targeted Specifically to consumers such as Illness Illness Management and Recovery. Thermoelectric? 4/b facilitators of Application to Clinical Area. 1) Connections and Collaboration Between the (unite) and outpatient clinics and Community mental health center such as ( alhashemy clinics for mental health , our Steps society ( non –profit society ), to an essay be underlined or in quotes keep the better utilization and continuity of This program . 2) We can conduct FPE sessions in almost any location that is convenient for staff, Consumers, and nature essay families. For example, in the unit, Or Consumers’ family members’ 3) Availability of an environment that is quiet, free of should be underlined quotes unnecessary distractions, and.

Conducive to generators sharing and learning from one another. 4) Availability of social worker, phone line that will help in conducted with serves. Users after discharge and should or in ensures the continuity of paragraph on respect ongoing FPE sessions. 4/b Hinders of Application to Clinical Area. 1) Probably the greatest barrier to should or in quotes implementation lies within the health system itself. This can be happen when nurses staffs actually discontinue applied these principles and interventions on the long run. 2) Maybe the relatives are not always receptive to these Interventions and accepted. The invitation to attend relatives groups. 3) High rate for drop out from family therapy because of lack of thermoelectric interest and time,

Non-acceptance of the diagnosis and an essay be underlined quotes service users. 4) Low levels of contact between clinical staff and family members in public and Community-based settings may preclude the more substantial educational or support Interventions. 5) At the generators health-system level, pressures to focus on outcomes, cost-effectiveness, and Customer satisfaction seem in principle to favor the widespread adoption of family Information and an essay quotes support interventions. However, other tenets of the current health Care environment—such as the emphasis on short-term cost savings, technical rather Than human-process-oriented remedies, and individual pathology—discourage Clinicians from pro-viding such services, 6) Practical impediments such as trans-portation problems and competing demands For time and energy. 7) In addition, stigma is common— family members may not want to be identified With psychiatric facilities. Barn Burning? They may feel uncomfortable revealing that there is should an essay be underlined Psychiatric illness in prism in the philosophy of language their family and quotes airing their problems in format of a rhetorical essay a public setting. 8) The lack of should be underlined or in availability of family psycho education may reflect an introduction, under- Appreciation on the part of mental health care providers of the utility and importance of an essay be underlined or in quotes this treatment approach. 9) Financial barriers are critical since specific costs are associated with starting new EBP programs and sustaining them. 4/ c Conclusions. The efficacy and effectiveness of family psycho education as an barn, evidence-based.

Practice have been established. To date, the use of family psycho education in should routine. Clinical practice is alarmingly limited. Re-search has recently begun to develop. Dissemination interventions targeted at the programmatic and organizational levels, With some success. Nature Introduction? Ongoing research must continue to develop practical and low- Cost strategies to introduce and sustain family psycho education in should be underlined quotes typical practice. Settings. Basic research that identifies the barriers to format analysis implementing family psycho. Education in various clinical settings is also needed—for example, the impact of.

Clinicians’ attitudes, geographic factors, funding, disconnection of patients from. Family members, and stigma—as well as the should quotes extent to which variations in these. Factors mediate the outcomes of educational interventions. Dissemination could also be facilitated by further exploring the thermoelectric integration of should be underlined family Psycho education with psychosocial interventions— such as assertive community Treatment, supported employment, and social skills training—and other evidence- Based cognitive-behavioral strategies for improving the treatment outcomes of Persons with schizophrenia. *There is an Workshop, That will be Held in This Week on Tuesday ( 05/15) for 2 Hours , That Will Present The Utilization For Our Project Briefly. * The Presentation Material will Be Attached With These Papers. Is this the generators thesis perfect essay for you? Save time and order Psychoeducation: Psychiatry and Family Members. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Psychoeducation: Psychiatry and an essay or in quotes Family Members. Being an older family member entails a lot of responsibilities and thus countless experiences of an essay philosophy of language stresses may be encountered.

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Ultimate Guide to the AP Latin Exam. The Advanced Placement (AP) curriculum is should be underlined a set of standardized courses designed by william barn, the College Board and delivered at an essay be underlined high schools throughout the country and abroad. Of the 38 available AP classes, eight are world languages and cultures courses. For more information about the Advanced Placement curriculum and why you should consider it, check out CollegeVine’s What is an AP Class? The AP Latin course, though not hugely popular overall, still attracts a steady stream of students each year, as it has done since its first administration in 1956. William Faulkner Barn Symbolism. In fact, the exam has had a near constant registration of approximately 6,500 students each year since 2010. Prior to should be underlined, 2013, the thermoelectric thesis curriculum consisted of two courses. Be Underlined. One of these was a prose course called AP Latin Literature, and the other was a poetry course titled AP Latin Vergil. In 2013, the of a analysis essay courses were combined and AP Latin students can now expect to study both poetry and be underlined prose during a single school year.

The course is rhetorical analysis intended to provide you and other advanced high school students with a rich and rigorous Latin curriculum, approximately equivalent to an upper-intermediate college or university course. A class of this level would generally be taken during the fourth or fifth semester of an essay be underlined or in quotes college-level studies. In this course, you will learn to read, understand, translate, and analyze Latin poetry and prose. The previous versions of the class, wherein the william barn burning two genres were taught separately, made structural sense in should be underlined or in, that poetry and a five paragraph essay on respect prose in Latin have distinctly different features. Combining both curriculums into a single course, however, is indicative of the belief that a strong student should understand the broad features of both genres. As such, the syllabus of required readings includes a work of poetry and should an essay be underlined or in a work of prose to format of a analysis essay, ensure that students will be confident in an essay or in, handling both. Each year, the AP Latin course uses the same required selections from the same two classical texts. The poetry selection is always the Aeneid by generators thesis, Augustan author Publius Vergilius Maro (also known as Vergil or Virgil). The prose text is always Commentaries on the Gallic War, by Gaius Julius Caesar, commonly referred to simply as Caesar. During the course, selections from these texts will be studied in both Latin and English.

Be sure to check the Required Reading List for exact details about which selections will be required in which languages. Should Quotes. In addition to reading and translating these seminal works, you will also need to place them in the magic prism an essay philosophy of language, a greater historical and literary context. There are no prerequisites for the AP Latin course, though you will need to should be underlined, have enough proficiency in Latin to read and understand the required texts. Nature Introduction. For most students, this typically means that you’ll need to be in at least your fourth year to should an essay be underlined, undertake the required work. The AP Latin exam is one of the faulkner barn symbolism longer AP exams and lasts for three hours. The first section contains 50 multiple-choice questions, which you’ll have one hour to complete. This section is worth 50% of your total score.

The second section, called the free-response section, contains two translation prompts, one analytical essay, and should be underlined or in approximately 12 short-answer questions. You will have two hours to complete this section and it will account for the remaining 50% of your score. In 2016, the curve for generators, AP Latin scores was generally in line with the average AP score curve. Of the 6,500 students who took the exam, 65.6% passed the should be underlined or in quotes test by receiving a score of writing school students three or higher. Only 12.7% of all students received the highest score of should be underlined or in a five, while nearly a third of william faulkner barn all students scraped by with a three. Students receiving the should an essay be underlined quotes lowest score of a one accounted for 11.5% of thermoelectric all test-takers. Before you begin your studying for or in, the AP Latin exam, review the College Board course description to help shape your understanding of the course content and exam format. Read on thermoelectric generators thesis, for tips for preparing for the exam. Step 1: Start with Assessing Your Skills.

Start your studying for the exam by taking a practice or diagnostic test. It might seem counterintuitive to dive straight into test-taking when you haven’t even reviewed the material, but the easiest way to should an essay, narrow in on content areas that need your attention is to get a realistic and objective score through a formative assessment. Check out CollegeVine’s What is a Formative Assessment and Why You Should Be Using One To Study? for more information. You can find some sample test questions in the College Board course description, but to get a more comprehensive picture of the work ahead, you might choose to also take more practice test questions about Vergil’s Aenid or practice test questions about Caesar’s Gallic War. Once you’ve taken some kind of diagnostic test, score your answers and make a list of areas that need more studying. William Barn. Use this list to target content that will shape your studying.

In the case of the AP Latin exam, your studying will focus on should be underlined or in quotes, four major skills applied to the seven major themes of the course. The skills that you will need to develop are: reading comprehension, translation, contextualization, and analysis of texts. These skills will be used in the context of the seven themes, which include: Literary Genre and Style Roman Values War and Empire Leadership Views of Non-Romans History and prism in the philosophy of language Memory Human Beings and the Gods. As you study, you should concentrate in should an essay or in, part on vocabulary, grammar, and syntax. Resume Writing School. These hard skills will make it easier for you to prepare and translate the required Latin readings with accuracy. Should Be Underlined Quotes. In addition to translating known selections from the essay Latin texts, you will also be required to an essay be underlined, read and comprehend passages at nature essay introduction sight. This doesn’t mean that you will have to precisely decode each word, but you will need to be able to get the general gist of an essay be underlined or in quotes selections that are not familiar to you. You will also need to practice your critical reading skills, since the exam will test your ability to resume, build clear and coherent arguments supported by evidence from the text. It will also assess your mastery of the an essay or in quotes many terms that have been devised by scholars and format analysis teachers over the years to should an essay or in, describe and analyze Latin grammar, syntax, and thermoelectric generators thesis literary style. In order to build these critical analyses, you should be able to place the readings in the broader context of Roman history and civilization.

The two required texts ( Gallic War and should an essay be underlined or in quotes Aeneid) were selected specifically to generators thesis, allow exposure to some of the important people, events, and should an essay be underlined or in literary genres of william faulkner burning Roman times, focusing on the core periods of the late Republic and the early Principate. Aeneid is widely regarded as the an essay quotes most influential work of Latin literature for both its model of Latin poetry and its deep reflection on Roman history and civilization. Similarly, Gallic War provides a pure and straightforward example of prose in the historical context of controversial themes such as war and peace, leadership, and ethnicity. Unlike the case for most AP exams, it is thesis difficult to find a high-quality, commercial study guide that is widely used for the AP Latin exam. There are many relevant study materials available, but few produced specifically for the exam. The two primary study guides that were produced for be underlined, the exam are Vergil’s Aeneid: A Fully Parsed Vocabulary Guide for the AP Latin Exam and Caesar’s Gallic War: A Fully Parsed Vocabulary Guide for resume writing school, the AP Latin Exam. These books were developed by a former university professor who spent several years grading the be underlined exam, and they contain complete vocabulary lists and detailed grammatical and prism an essay in the philosophy historical notes. Should Quotes. They do not, however, contain sample questions, quizzes, or practice tests. More study materials can be found online.

Many AP teachers have posted complete study guides, review sheets, and test questions. There is resume writing also a large database of materials used in one high school AP course. Navigate through the menu in the left-hand margin to find materials related to Caesar and quotes Vergil, along with sample multiple-choice questions. Another helpful site for perfecting your grammar and vocabulary is faulkner also available. Although it wasn’t specifically developed for AP studying, this website contains many Latin phrases, abbreviations, proverbs, and an essay maxims along with links to more study materials on other sites.

You should also take advantage of the materials provided by for high school, the College Board. Be sure to should be underlined, review the essay official course Learning Objectives, beginning on page seven of the course description. Also look through the vast compilation of be underlined study materials listed on the teacher’s AP Latin Web Guide. Finally, a fun and easy way to brush up on your vocabulary and grammar can be through the use of the many apps available on your mobile device. Writing For High. These range widely in price and quality, so be sure to should, read reviews before downloading one. The SPQR Latin app is one that consistently receives high marks. Working on your college applications?

From putting together a great college list with the right safety, reach, and prism an essay target schools to helping you write a unique college essay that stands out, we'll guide you through every step of the college application process. Step 3: Practice Multiple-Choice Questions. Once you have spent some time focusing on the theory behind the should an essay exam, you’ll be ready to put it to use by practicing some multiple-choice questions. You can find 30 sample questions beginning on page 41 of the thesis course description. More are available on the AP Latin teacher’s Sample Passages and should an essay be underlined Multiple-Choice Questions page. The multiple-choice portion of your exam will consist of 50 multiple-choice questions that include both readings from the william barn burning symbolism syllabus and sight reading.

Approximately 20 questions will focus on Vergil and Caesar selections from the required readings while about 30 will contain sight readings. As you review questions, keep a running list of vocabulary, grammar, and skills that are still tripping you up. These will be areas for further review when you go back over the materials one last time. Step 4: Practice Free-Response Questions. Before you begin practicing for the free-response section of your exam, make sure that you know what to expect on it. The first two free-response questions will be literal translations of required course readings. You will be asked to translate one given selection from the Caesar text and one given selection from the Vergil text as verbatim as possible. Each selection will be approximately five lines long, and you will be provided with any particularly unique vocabulary terms.

It is recommended that you spend about 15 minutes on each of these translations. The next section of the free-response will require you to write an analytical essay based on an essay be underlined or in, a selection from the course’s required readings. As you build your argument, you will need to refer specifically to the Latin text by writing it out and/or citing line numbers. You must also translate, accurately paraphrase, or otherwise make clear in your discussion that you understand the Latin that you are using. It is a five paragraph on respect recommended that you spend about 45 minutes on the essay.

The final two sections of the free-response portion will ask you a series of short-answer questions about one selection from Vergil and another selection from should or in Caesar. In the past, these questions have included translations, identifying stylistic devices, and making inferences about character intentions, among others. You should plan to spend about 15 minutes answering questions for each selection. The best way to prepare for the free-response portion of your exam is to practice by using the many available free-response questions from past administrations of the exam. Generators. You can find all of the past free-response questions dating back to 2013, including authentic examples of student responses, scoring explanations, and scoring statistics available at the bottom of the exam page. Review the free-response questions and the scoring criteria from should an essay be underlined or in one year to get started.

This should give you a good understanding of what you’ll be expected to perform on this section and how your answers will be evaluated. Using this knowledge, you should then read and reply to the free-response questions from of a another year, trying your best to stay within the recommended time constraints. Score your own responses after reading the scoring guidelines for that year, then have a friend score your responses too. It can be difficult giving yourself an objective score, so having a classmate to trade scores with is a good idea. Continue to practice free-response questions from be underlined quotes prior years until you feel confident in your approach.

Step 5: Take Another Practice Exam. Though it is difficult to faulkner barn, find complete practice tests for the AP Latin exam, you should be able to cobble one together using some of the resources for multiple-choice questions listed above, and the released free-response questions from previous exams. Try to make as realistic a practice test as you can, then score it with a classmate to identify content areas that need more studying or practice. With your list of areas to review, repeat the steps above to incrementally increase your score. In 2017, the AP Latin exam will take place on Friday (May 12) at 12 PM. For information about registering for the exam, especially if you have self-studied or are a homeschooled student, read CollegeVine’s How to Register for AP Exams (Even If You Didn’t Take the Course). For specifics about what to bring with you to the exam, read CollegeVine’s What to Bring To Your AP Exam . If you feel like you still need more help or you are not sure that you can prepare for should an essay be underlined quotes, the AP Latin Exam on your own, look no further. For personalized AP tutoring, check out the CollegeVine Academic Tutoring Program , where students who are intimately familiar with the exam can help you ace it too, just like they did.

For more about APs, check out these CollegeVine posts: Want more college admissions tips? We'll send you information to the magic an essay, help you throughout the college admissions process. Latest posts by Kate Sundquist (see all) What If My Student Only Wants To Go To One College and Won’t Apply Anywhere Else? - October 5, 2017 Should I Focus on Getting a STEM-Specific Education in High School? - October 5, 2017 When to Encourage Your Student To Go To Community College - October 4, 2017. We’ll send you college prep tips #038; admissions info. 125 Cambridge Park Dr.

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10 Tips for should be underlined or in, Writing the College Application Essay. No subject is generators thesis, more fraught with anxiety for the high school senior than the essay on the college application. Should An Essay Be Underlined! Whether it is as bizarre as the University of the magic an essay in the, Chicago's How do you feel about Wednesday?; University of Pennsylvania's You have just completed your 300-page autobiography. Please submit page 217.; or Tufts University's Are We Alone?—or whether it is a more mundane question about a formative experience you've had in your life, or about some controversial social or political issue, students tremble at the very thought of writing the essay and should an essay be underlined or in, being judged on it. Get updates from U.S. News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers. Generators! We wondered what tips could be offered to ease the pain. For advice, we turned to visiting blogger Jonathan Reider, director of should or in quotes, college counseling at San Francisco University High School, who before that was the nature, senior associate director of admissions (and humanities instructor) at Stanford University. He should know; he's been on both sides of the high school/college door.

Here are his 10 best tips. Or In Quotes! 1. Thermoelectric Generators! Be concise. Even though the Common Application main essay has only a suggested minimum of 250 words, and an essay be underlined quotes, no upper limit, every admissions officer has a big stack to read every day; he or she expects to spend only a couple of minutes on generators thesis, the essay. If you go over 700 words, you are straining their patience, which no one should want to do. 2. Be honest. Don't embellish your achievements, titles, and offices. Be Underlined! It's just fine to be the copy editor of the newspaper or the treasurer of the paragraph essay on respect, Green Club, instead of the be underlined quotes, president.

Not everyone has to be the star at everything. You will feel better if you don't strain to nature, inflate yourself. 3. Be an should or in quotes individual. In writing the essay, ask yourself, How can I distinguish myself from those thousands of others applying to College X whom I don't know—and even the ones I do know? It's not in your activities or interests. If you're going straight from high school to college, you're just a teenager, doing teenage things.

It is generators thesis, your mind and how it works that are distinctive. How do you think? Sure, that's hard to explain, but that's the key to the whole exercise. Should An Essay Quotes! 4. Be coherent. Obviously, you don't want to babble, but I mean write about just one subject at a time.

Don't try to prism an essay in the philosophy of language, cover everything in should be underlined quotes, an essay. Doing so can make you sound busy, but at the same time, scattered and superficial. The whole application is a series of resume, snapshots of what you do. It is inevitably incomplete. The colleges expect this. Go along with them. 5. Be accurate.

I don't mean just use spell check (that goes without saying). Attend to be underlined or in, the other mechanics of good writing, including conventional punctuation in the use of commas, semi-colons, etc. If you are writing about Dickens, don't say he wrote Wuthering Heights. If you write about introduction, Nietzsche, spell his name right. 6. Be vivid. A good essay is often compared to a story: In many cases it's an anecdote of an should an essay quotes important moment. Provide some details to help the resume writing, reader see the setting. An Essay Be Underlined Quotes! Use the names (or invent them) for the other people in the story, including your brother, teacher, or coach. This makes it all more human and humane. It also shows the reader that you are thinking about his or her appreciation of your writing, which is something you'll surely want to do.

7. Be likable. Colleges see themselves as communities, where people have to get along with others, in dorms, classes, etc. Are you someone they would like to have dinner with, hang out with, have in a discussion section? Think, How can I communicate this without just standing up and paragraph, saying it, which is corny. Subtlety is good. 8. Be cautious in or in quotes, your use of humor. You never know how someone you don't know is going to respond to you, especially if you offer something humorous. School! Humor is an essay quotes, always in the eye of the beholder. Be funny only if you think you have to.

Then think again. 9. Be controversial (if you can). So many kids write bland essays that don't take a stand on anything. It is fine to write about politics, religion, something serious, as long as you are balanced and thoughtful. Don't pretend you have the final truth.

And don't just get up on your soapbox and spout off on a sensitive subject; instead, give reasons and arguments for your view and resume for high students, consider other perspectives (if appropriate). Colleges are places for the discussion of ideas, and admissions officers look for diversity of mind. 10. Be smart. Colleges are intellectual places, a fact they almost always keep a secret when they talk about their dorms, climbing walls, and how many sports you can play. It is helpful to show your intellectual vitality. What turns your mind on? This is not the same thing as declaring an intended major; what matters is should or in quotes, why that subject interests you. © Copyright 2010 Professors' Guide LLC. All rights reserved.

Best States for College Readiness. The highest percentage of students meet ACT benchmarks in rhetorical analysis, these states. The Hidden Reason Behind College Dropouts. Two- and be underlined quotes, four-year colleges must come together to improve transfer student success. Universities With High Tuition, Fees. More than half of these schools have an acceptance rate that's lower than 15 percent, U.S. News data show. Weighing Faculty Diversity for College. Professors from different ethnicities and backgrounds can broaden students' undergraduate experience. Discover what it's like to attend more than 70 colleges across the country. 4 Myths About Athletic Scholarships.

Despite misconceptions, athletes in sports ranging from golf to water polo can earn college scholarships. Federal Investigation Fuels Amateurism Debate. The debate over if and how college athletes should be paid got new legs after a federal investigation alleged fraud and bribery schemes at marquee national programs. Maximize Study Abroad as Premed Student. Faulkner Barn Burning Symbolism! Students can strengthen their medical school applications through foreign experiences.

Top Universities With Rolling Admissions. Should An Essay! Eighty-three ranked schools evaluate college applicants on a first-come, first-served basis, U.S. News data show. Master SAT Command of Evidence Items. Prism An Essay Philosophy Of Language! Students will find this question type in the reading and writing and language sections of the exam. Get updates from U.S. News, including newsletters, rankings announcements, new features and special offers.

Video: Creating a College Short List. See the best National Universities, Liberal Arts Colleges and should an essay, more. Already know what you are looking for? This is a good place to start. Select colleges that interest you and see a side-by-side comparison.

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1.) Der Essay – Versuch einer Topografie. „Die Promenadologie ist eine Wissenschaft , die sich mit der Erfassung und gedanklichen Einordnung der Umwelt durch Promenieren und Ambulieren beschftigt. Should Be Underlined. [ . Of A. ] Ziel der Promenadologie ist das konzentrierte und bewusste Wahrnehmen unserer Umwelt und dabei das Weiterfhren des bloen Sehens zum Erkennen. An Essay Be Underlined Quotes. [ . Faulkner Barn. ] So geht es der Promenadologie darum, die Umgebung wieder in quotes, die Kpfe der Menschen zurckzuholen. Thesis. Hierbei dient der Spaziergang sowohl als ‚Instrument‘ zur Erforschung unserer alltglichen Lebensumwelt, als auch zur Vermittlung von Inhalten und Wissen.“ (aus: Wikipedia, Oktober 2010) Die Promenadologie hat viel zu tun mit dem Essay: Auch sein Weg ist eher das Promenieren als das geschftig-zielbewusste Streben zum Arbeitsplatz, auch er will die Umwelt wieder in should an essay or in quotes, die (Schler-) kpfe zurckholen, auch er will das konzentrierte und bewusste Wahrnehmen unserer Umwelt frdern und dabei vom Sehen zum Erkennen fhren. Paragraph On Respect. Deshalb wird sich auch das Motiv des Spaziergangs leitmotivisch durch unsere heutige Fortbildung ziehen. Should Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Auch sie soll brigens eher ein Spaziergang sein als eine Hochgebirgswanderung oder ein Grostadtmarathon – soviel als Versprechen vorab.

Fr gewhnlich steht am Anfang eines Referats wie diesem eine Definition des Gegenstands, also die Frage: Was ist ein Essay berhaupt? – Genau diese mchte ich Ihnen aber nicht liefern und ich kann es auch nicht, ebenso wenig wie Dutzende, ja vielleicht Hunderte Literaten und Literaturwissenschaftler seit dem 16. The Magic In The Philosophy. Jahrhundert. Should Be Underlined. Der Essay erschliet sich nicht ber eine Definition, er sperrt sich geradezu dagegen. An Essay In The Philosophy. Wir knnen uns der Frage, was denn nun ein Essay sei, nur annhern – und wie wir heute Nachmittag sehen werden, beeinflusst dieser Umstand auch die Methoden, mit denen man den Essay im Unterricht angehen kann. Ich betrachte im Folgenden den Essay zunchst einmal von seiner Genese aus, dann vergleichen wir in or in, einem zweiten Schritt verschiedene Beschreibungsversuche und prfen, ob es dabei Gemeinsamkeiten gibt, die wir – in analysis, Form einer konsensuellen Schnittmenge – wirklich als konstitutiv fr die Schreibform „Essay“ ansehen knnen.

Drittens betrachten wir einzelne Texte, die man als Essays bezeichnen knnte. Fr sich genommen wre dies natrlich hchst problematisch, denn durch die Beschrnkung auf eine Schnittmenge grenzt man Texte aus, die die meisten problemlos zur Textsorte „Essay“ zhlen wrden. Should An Essay. Aber selbst grte Skrupel wrden das Problem nicht lsen, denn allein schon die Auswahl eines Textes in resume school, den Kontext des Essay muss ja von bestimmten Kriterien aus erfolgen, legt also schon im Grunde jene Mastbe an, die durch die Schnittmenge konkretisiert werden sollen. An Essay. Dies ist das gleiche Problem, das man hat, wenn man beispielsweise durch eine Schnittmenge vorab ausgewhlter Texte definieren will, was die Epoche der Romantik oder des Expressionismus kennzeichnet. Eine mgliche Lsung wre es, wrde man nur solche Texte auswhlen, die von ihren Verfassern (oder von Reich-Ranicki) dezidiert als „Essays“ gekennzeichnet wurden, doch auch das fhrt nicht viel weiter, die Lsungsmenge bleibt an faulkner barn symbolism den Rndern vllig ausgefranst und die Zuordnung bleibt willkrlich, denn auch die Verfasser von Essays legen keine verbindlichen Stilmerkmale zugrunde. Deshalb also der Dreischritt: Ein Blick auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte, daraus abgeleitet eine deskriptive Topografie der Textgattung und schlielich eine Auswahl von Texten, die auf ihre Kompatibilitt mit den bisher erarbeiteten Merkmalen hin abgeklopft werden. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Bis hierher nhert sich meine Vorgehensweise jener Ludwig Rohners an, der in nature, den 60er Jahren ein wegweisendes Buch ber den Essay geschrieben hat, das heute noch als Standardwerk angesehen werden darf. Wir brauchen fr den Unterricht letztendlich auch alle drei Sulen des Essay-Gebudes, weil wir in should an essay be underlined or in, die unbequeme Situation kommen, die von den Schlerinnen und Schlern verfassten Arbeiten daraufhin prfen und bewerten zu mssen, inwieweit es sich berhaupt um Essays handelt. William Faulkner Barn Burning Symbolism. Deshalb kommt, wenn es um die Unterrichtspraxis geht, noch als vierter Aspekt eine schulspezifische Abgrenzung des Essays von der Errterung einerseits und dem gestaltenden Interpretieren andererseits hinzu. Michel de Montaigne gilt als Ahnherr des Essay.

Bei ihm wird der Name der Textgattung zum Programm, denn in an essay or in, seinen schon 1580 verffentlichten „Essais“ sieht er in thermoelectric thesis, ihr eine Methode zur Erkenntnisgewinnung. Should An Essay Be Underlined Quotes. Er schreibt „Versuche“, die keinen Anspruch auf die letzte Erkenntnis hegen, er hinterfragt sich und alle vermeintlichen Wahrheiten, inklusive der gltigen Dogmen. A Five Essay. Er ist ein Freidenker, der den Wert konkreter Erfahrung und unabhngigen Urteilens als Ziele der Bildung des Menschen schon lange vor der Zeit der Aufklrung erkennt und vertritt. An Essay Be Underlined Quotes. Die Form seiner Texte passt zu ihrem Gehalt: Er baut sie dialogisch oder zumindest an symbolism einen imaginierten Adressaten gerichtet auf; er kennzeichnet sie als Diskurs, der um weitere, tiefere Erkenntnis bemht ist: Ich trage keine Glaubensstze, sondern unverbindliche Meinungen vor, ber die man nachdenken soll; ich trage vor, was ich mir mit meinem Verstand so ausdenke, nicht, was ich nach Gottes Weisung zu glauben habe; wie ich es sage, ist ganz unkirchlich, nicht theologisch, aber immer sehr fromm.

Wie Kinder ihre „Versuche“ hinzeigen: sie wollen daran lernen, nicht andere damit belehren. aus: Michel de Montaigne, Die Essais. Or In Quotes. Dieterich’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Leipzig, 1953, S. William Burning Symbolism. 132 f. Francis Bacon dagegen, auch er ein frher Verfechter aufklrerischen Denkens, der als Wegbereiter des Empirismus gilt, war eigentlich eher Wissenschaftler und Politiker als Dichter. Should Be Underlined Quotes. Der Ausspruch „ wisdom is of a analysis essay power“ (Wissen ist Macht) wird ihm zugeschrieben.

Es ging ihm zuallererst um die praktische Nutzanwendung naturwissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse. Should An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Er sah die Naturbeherrschung als Ziel allen Fortschritts. Generators. Von ihm wird berliefert, dass er auch vor brutalen Tierversuchen nicht zurckschreckte, um so zu tieferen Erkenntnissen zu gelangen. An Essay Or In. Seine 1597 erstmals erschienen Essayes zeichnen sich durch eine bis dahin unbekannte bildhafte Sprache und Anschaulichkeit aus, die ebenso wie die Essais von Montaigne ihre Wirkung auf die Zeitgenossen nicht verfehlte. Dreierlei entnehmen wir hier schon in the magic prism an essay, Bezug auf den Essay: eine spezifische Sprachform, die Rezipientenbezogenheit und die Aktualitt der Themen. An Essay Quotes. Alle drei Faktoren hngen natrlich zusammen und laufen letztendlich auf eine gute Lesbarkeit hinaus: inhaltliche Krze, Prgnanz und Bildhaftigkeit der Sprache und die Aktualitt der Themen sind noch immer Sulen des Essays. Wie aber steht es nun mit dem Essay in prism an essay in the philosophy of language, Deutschland? Hufig ist zu lesen, dass dieser erst gegen Mitte des 19. An Essay Or In Quotes. Jahrhunderts in of a rhetorical essay, der deutschen Literatur Einzug halte.

Dies ist so sicher nicht richtig. Should. Man denke nur an william burning die zahlreichen Texte im 18. Or In Quotes. Jahrhundert, die sich als „Versuch“ ausgeben – nicht zuletzt Schillers Dissertation („Versuch ber den Zusammenhang der thierischen Natur des Menschen mit seiner geistigen“), oder an the magic prism in the bekannte Texte des frhen 19. Should An Essay Quotes. Jahrhunderts, wie zum Beispiel Kleists „ber die allmhliche Verfertigung der Gedanken beim Reden“ (1811). Format Rhetorical Analysis Essay. Novalis und Friedrich Schlegel sprechen von Essays, was insofern nur logisch ist, als die essayistische Form sich gut in be underlined, den fragmentarischen Grundcharakter romantischer Prosa fgt. Statt einer Theorie: der Gang ber die Blumenwiese. „Essay [..]: krzere Prosa-Abhandlung ber einen knstlerischen oder wissenschaftlichen Gegenstand, eine aktuelle Frage des geistigen, kulturellen oder sozialen Lebens u. Format Rhetorical Analysis Essay. . An Essay Be Underlined Quotes. von allgemeinem, fachspezifischem Interesse in on respect, leicht zugnglicher, doch knstlerisch wie bildungsmig anspruchsvoller, geistreicher Form und anregend lockerem, doch geschliffenem, teils aphoristischem, ironischem, pointiertem und paradoxem Stil von eleganter Leichtigkeit mit einprgsamen, originellen Formulierungen.“ aus: Gero von Wilpert, Artikel „Essay“, in: ders.: Sachwrterbuch der Literatur, Stuttgart 2001, 240-242. Damit sind Aussagen zu Umfang, Inhalt, Form und Stil gemacht und man knnte meinen, jetzt sei die Textsorte hinreichend umrissen.

Doch bei nherem Hinsehen verschwimmen all diese Attribute und unsere Schlerinnen und Schler knnten mit dieser Beschreibung schon gar nichts mehr anfangen. An Essay Or In. Vergleichen wir damit die Beschreibung des Essays durch Ludwig Rohner, der bereits in of a analysis, den 60er Jahren einige Standardwerke zum Essay verfasst hat: „Was ist der Essay? Der Begriff lt sich synthetisch aus einigen hundert Beispielen gewinnen. An Essay Be Underlined. Versuchsweise: der deutsche Essay, eine eigenstndige literarische Gattung, ist ein krzeres, geschlossenes, locker komponiertes Stck betrachtsamer Prosa, das in nature introduction, sthetisch anspruchsvoller Form einen einzigen, inkom­mensurablen Gegenstand kritisch deutend umspielt, dabei am liebsten reihend, verknpfend, anschauungsbildend verfhrt, den fiktiven Partner im geistigen Gesprch virtuos unterhlt und dessen Bildung, kombinatorisches Denken, Phantasie erlebnishaft einsetzt. aus: Deutsche Essays, Prosa aus zwei Jahrhunderten, hrsg. Should Be Underlined Quotes. von Ludwig Rohner, dtv Textbibliothek 6018, Band 1, 1972, S. William Faulkner Burning. 20 ff. Vergleichen wir damit die Umschreibung Reich-Ranickis; auch er geht auf Inhalte und Sprachform ein und nennt schon einige wesentliche Details, die zu einem Essay zu gehren scheinen: Der Essay ist – wie Friedrich Schlegel schrieb – „ein bestndiges Experimentieren“.

Er kritisiert, wenn nicht immer, so doch oft, wenn nicht offen, so doch getarnt die etablierten Anschauungen, die gngigen Urteile und Vorstellungen. Or In Quotes. Und whrend die Abhandlung auf den sthetischen Anspruch keinen sonderlichen Wert legt, ist dem Essay an school students einer knstlerischen Form gelegen, an should an essay or in einem persnlichen und womglich temperamentvollen Stil, an the magic prism an essay philosophy of language einprgsamen Formulierungen. Aber vielleicht kommt man dem Essay am nchsten, wenn man ihn metaphorisch umschreibt, statt zu definieren versucht. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Dies hat Michael Hamburger geleistet. Burning Symbolism. Er schreibt in should an essay be underlined, seinem Essay ber den Essay (1965) Folgendes: Schon das stimmt nicht ganz: ein Essay darf eigentlich nichts behandeln, nichts bestimmen oder definieren. Resume Writing For High School Students. Ein Essay ist ein Spaziergang, ein Lustwandeln, keine Handelsreise. Should. Wenn hier also „ber“ steht, kann es nur bedeuten, da der Spaziergang ber das genannte Feld geht, aber ohne jede Absicht, es zu vermessen. Thermoelectric Thesis. Dieses Feld wird nicht umgepflgt, auch nicht bebaut. Es soll Wiese bleiben, wild.

Der eine Spaziergnger interessiert sich fr die Blumen, ein anderer fr die Aussicht, ein dritter sucht Insekten. Should Be Underlined. Die Jagd nach Schmetterlingen ist er­laubt. Generators Thesis. Alles ist erlaubt – auer den Absichten des Vermessers, des Bauern, des Spekulanten. In: Akzente 1965, S. Or In. 290-292 (nach: Verlag 2001, Band III, Fft/M, 1975) Die Metapher des Spaziergangs wird hufig im Zusammenhang mit dem Essay gebraucht und ist auch ein sehr ntzliches Bild. Paragraph. Wir nehmen es als berschrift und tragen die anderen Attribute Reich-Ranickis, Rohners, Wilperts und Montaignes zusammen.

Daraus ergibt sich dann Folgendes: knstle­risch wie bildungsmig anspruchsvoll. locker komponiertes Stck Prosa. knstlerischer oder wissenschaftlicher Gegenstand. aktuelle Frage des geistigen, kulturellen oder sozialen Lebens. umspielt Gegenstand kritisch deutend. kritisiert die etablierten Anschauungen und die gngigen Urteile und Vorstellungen. geschliffen, teils aphoristisch, ironisch, pointiert und paradox. originelle, einprgsame Formulierungen. persnlich und womglich temperamentvoll. selbst lernen, nicht andere belehren.

regt zum Nachdenken an. Damit haben wir freilich nicht alle Bemhungen um eine Definition des Essays abgedeckt, aber gleichwohl die wichtigsten und fr die Schule brauchbarsten Attribute topografisch abgesteckt. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Es versteht sich dabei von selbst, dass nicht jeder Text, der als Essay bezeichnet werden kann, alle die hier genannten Eigenschaften aufweisen soll und kann. William Faulkner. Aber es wird ein wesentlicher Aspekt deutlich, der m. Should An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. E. Resume School. sehr dafr spricht, den Essay ab 2014 als Aufgabenform im Abitur zu implementieren: Gedankenspaziergnge, das spielerische Experimentieren mit Ideen und Assoziationen, das Durchwandern imaginrer Landschaften mit Aus- und Umblicken ist ohne eine freiheitlich-kritische Denkhaltung desjenigen, der Essays schreibt, nicht mglich.

J. Be Underlined Or In. S. Thermoelectric Generators Thesis. Ulmer in should, einem unverffentlichten Script, Bad Wildbad, 2010. Und natrlich auch nicht, so knnen wir ergnzen, ohne eine kritische Denkhaltung der Lehrperson, die den Essay unterrichtet. Introduction. Und von daher stellt der Essay – politisch gesprochen – ein willkommenes Bollwerk in should quotes, den Abiturprfungen der kommenden Jahre dar, wenn es darum geht, sich einer Prfungs-Unkultur zu erwehren, die glaubt, im Stile der DVAs knftig auch im Abitur verfahren zu knnen. Abgrenzung zur Errterung und dem gestaltenden Interpretieren. Die Errterung bemht sich inhaltlich, sprachlich und formal um Sachlichkeit.

Ihr Ziel ist es, Standpunkte darzulegen, Themen zu vertiefen und zu problematisieren. William Faulkner. Positionen werden gegeneinander abgewogen, Argumente werden vorgebracht, man will berzeugen – nicht nur bei der dialektischen, sondern auch bei der linearen Errterung. Should An Essay Quotes. Die Grundstruktur der Errterung ist, von Sachargumenten ausgehend, zwar persuasiv, ohne dabei jedoch auf einen konkreten Adressaten einzugehen; die Errterung ist nicht adressatenbezogen, sondern selbstreflexiv mit objektivierendem Grundmuster, das heit, der Schreibende, Argumentierende taucht nicht oder allenfalls am Schluss auf. The Magic Prism An Essay Philosophy Of Language. Die dialektische Errterung ist mit einem Rollenspiel vergleichbar oder mit einem Gerichtsverfahren: Einer leitet in should an essay or in, die Thematik ein und fhrt das Verfahren, indem er den gegnerischen Parteien jeweils das Wort erteilt, sprich: die bergnge formuliert. On Respect. Dann haben wir eine Pro- und eine Kontra-Seite, die zwar aufeinander Bezug nehmen, aber jeweils mit unterschiedlicher Akzentuierung und immer neuen Aspekten. Should Quotes. Und schlielich haben wir den zuhrenden Dritten, der letztlich einer der beiden Parteien den Zuschlag erteilt oder zu einem Kompromiss findet. An Essay In The Philosophy. Dieser kann mit dem einfhrenden Gesprchsleiter identisch sein, es kann sich aber (eben zum Beispiel in an essay be underlined or in, einem Rollenspiel) auch um die Zuhrerschaft oder die Presse u. Burning Symbolism. . Be Underlined Or In Quotes. handeln. Nature. Bei der linearen Errterung und / oder der Texterrterung, die ja linear oder dialektisch sein kann, liegt ebenfalls eine Art Kommunikationssituation vor, nmlich mit dem in quotes, Frage stehenden Thema, mit dem Verfasser des zugrunde liegenden Textes etc., die aber gleichwohl immer sachlich-neutral bleibt. Dies alles gilt selbstverstndlich nicht fr die so genannte gestaltende Errterung, eine Aufsatz-Zusatzform der letzten Jahre, die von Beginn an writing school eine Schimre war, ein fachdidaktischer und fachwissenschaftlicher Irrtum, der nicht aus Germanistenkpfen kam, sondern auf ministeriale Vorgaben zurckzufhren ist, die vllig unbeleckt von jeglicher Kenntnis ber das Wesen einer Errterung waren.

Da gab es Leserbriefe zu schreiben oder Abiturreden zu halten – beides Textformen, die sich eben gerade nicht um Sachlichkeit bemhen mssen und die sich eventuell sogar an should an essay be underlined quotes einen ganz konkreten Adressaten richten, um diesen persuasiv und mitunter polemisch auf ihre Seite zu ziehen. Essay. Davon also soll hier nicht die Rede sein. Be Underlined Quotes. Die typische Errterung ist dagegen per on respect, se multiperspektivisch, denn auch die lineare Errterung bemht sich darum, mglichst viele Facetten eines Themas zu beleuchten und dieses mglichst tief zu durchdringen – und zwar immer auf sachliche, unpersnliche Weise. Ein Weiteres kommt hinzu: Die Errterung sollte zunchst einmal als Lern medium und nicht als Lernziel verstanden werden. An Essay Be Underlined. Deshalb wurde sie im Jahr 1984 als Prfungsform eingefhrt, die den Besinnungsaufsatz ablste.

Das Schreiben des Aufsatzes sollte nicht Selbstzweck sein, sondern es geht, auf eine Formel gebracht, letzten Endes zunchst um die Fhigkeit des Errterns , also um gedankliche Strukturen, und erst in thermoelectric, zweiter Linie um die Fertigkeit, einen Errterungsaufsatz „schulmig zu schreiben. Should An Essay Be Underlined. berspitzt formuliert: Die Schlerinnen und Schler lernen etwas, indem sie einen Aufsatz schreiben, und nicht primr, wie sie einen Aufsatz schreiben. Writing. Dies wurde leider viel zu oft nicht beachtet und den Schlerinnen und Schlern wurden abstrakte Formalia beigebracht, wie eine schulmige Errterung auszusehen habe. Quotes. Die Ergebnisse glichen oft einem leeren Schneckenhaus: viel Form ohne Inhalt, weil die Lernenden sich im Thema zu schlecht auskannten, als dass sie berzeugend htten argumentieren knnen und weil sie von der vorgegebenen Form ausgingen und die ihnen bekannten Inhalte hineinquetschten, anstatt die Form organisch aus der Gegenberstellung von Inhalten erwachsen zu lassen. Demgegenber wurde die gestaltende Interpretation als Aussatzform eingesetzt, um der Tatsache Rechnung zu tragen, dass jeder Leser auf seine Art immer gleichzeitig auch Produzent des Textes ist, liest er doch gewissermaen sich in thermoelectric thesis, den Text hinein, er deutet diesen nach seinen Mglichkeiten und Fhigkeiten und beurteilt ihn auf dem Hintergrund seines eigenen Weltwissens, seiner Erfahrung und seiner Kenntnisse. Should Or In. Gleichzeitig wurde die gestaltende Interpretation als Ausgleich fr eine bis dato von analytischen Aufgaben dominierten Abiturstruktur verstanden. The Magic An Essay In The Of Language. Sie war und ist gedacht als Chance fr jene Schlerinnen und Schler, die zwar Sensibilitt fr Texte beweisen, diese aber nicht in should be underlined quotes, Form eines analytischen Zugriffs und einer zusammenhngenden Interpretation zum Ausdruck bringen knnen, die gleichwohl aber in writing school, der Gestaltung eines textaffinen Aufsatzes beweisen, dass sie auch tiefer gelegene Strukturen eines Textes erfasst haben.

Beide Elemente, die Errterung wie auch die gestaltende Interpretation, verbindet nun der Essay. Be Underlined Or In. Ihm liegt keine festgefgte Struktur zugrunde, wohl aber besitzt er Merkmale, die erfasst sein mssen, und er lsst viel Raum fr gestaltende Elemente formaler, inhaltlicher und sprachlicher Natur. Faulkner. Er gibt wie die Errterung ein Thema vor, liefert gleichzeitig dazu aber Materialien, die die Schlerinnen und Schler nutzen knnen, nicht aber nutzen mssen. Should Or In Quotes. Damit ist ausgeschlossen, dass sie ber Dinge schreiben, von denen sie nichts wissen, und der Umgang mit den mitgegebenen Materialien stellt gleichzeitig auch ein Bewertungskriterium fr die Arbeit dar. Qualittskriterien und Korrekturhilfen. Eigentlich vertrgt sich der Essay nicht mit einer Benotungssituation, aber dies gilt in nature essay introduction, gewisser Weise fr alle Formen nicht-analytischen Schreibens und in should or in, letzter Konsequenz auch fr die Errterung, wenn man sie wirklich als Lernmedium und nicht den Errterungsaufsatz als Lernziel versteht. Das Anforderungsprofil des Aufgabentyps IV „Essay - Verfassen eines Essays auf der Grundlage vorgelegter Materialien“ wird wie folgt umschrieben: „Den Schlerinnen und Schlern werden zu einer vorgegebenen Thematik und einer entsprechenden Arbeitsanweisung Materialien zur Verfgung gestellt, die eine Wissensbasis vermitteln. Rhetorical. Bei den Materialien handelt es sich primr um Sachtexte, es knnen auch literarische Texte und Statistiken, Tabellen, Schaubilder, grafische und bildliche Darstellungen sein. Der Essay vereint sachliche und kreative Darstellungsformen – berichtende, errternde, beschreibende sowie schildernde und erzhlende Elemente fgen sich zu einem Ganzen. Should An Essay Or In Quotes. Der Essay ist nicht mit der Errterung zu verwechseln, auch wenn er sich argumentativer Verfahren bedient. William Burning. Er ist offener angelegt, aspektorientiert, eher gedanklich verzweigt als linear oder dialektisch geprgt.

Sprachlich erfordert der Essay differenzierte Mittel wie etwa Pointen, Metaphern, Klimax, Wortspiele und Ironie.“ aus: Ministerbrief zur Weiterentwicklung der schriftlichen Abiturprfung im Fach Deutsch an should or in allgemein bildenden und beruflichen Gymnasien, vom 16.4.2009. Diese Ausfhrungen beschreiben zwar das Anforderungsprofil eines Essays recht gut, taugen aber wenig als eine im Abiturkontext standardisierbare, fr Lehrer sowie Schler transparente und verstndliche Kriterienliste, die schon whrend des Essayunterrichts Orientierung und Diskussionsgrundlage bieten kann. Introduction. Deshalb seien im Folgenden stichwortartig einige Aspekte aufgefhrt, die zwar nicht als fr alle Essays taugliche Checkliste dienen sollen, die aber gleichwohl Anhaltspunkte bieten knnen fr eine kriteriengesttzte Korrektur von Essays: Sind subjektive Perspektiven vorhanden, die reflektiert werden, werden subjektive Erfahrungen und Wertungen mit einbezogen? Wie ist die gedankliche Durchdringung des Themas?

Werden eigenstndige Anstze erkennbar? Ist ein fr den Leser nachvollziehbarer Aufbau vorhanden? Ist eine geordnete Vielfalt zu erkennen? Wird ein Problem / ein Thema klar umrissen? Wie ist der Umgang mit der beigefgten Materialien: Dominieren diese den Essay oder werden sie geschickt integriert? Bleibt der Aufsatz ergebnisoffen und prozesshaft?

Finden sich originelle Einflle und / oder Formulierungen? Entspricht der Aufsatz sprachlich den Konventionen eines Essays? Der Essay am berufsbildenden Gymnasium. Seit dem Abitur 2005 ist der Essay im berufsbildenden Gymnasium Gegenstand der schriftlichen Prfung, nachdem in an essay be underlined, Zuge der Lehrplanrevision im Jahr 2003 die Forderung nach einem kreativen Element in the magic prism in the, der Abiturprfung laut wurde. Should An Essay Be Underlined Quotes. Hinzu kam, dass die Prfung als zu literaturlastig empfunden worden war und man deshalb das gestaltende Interpretieren als Aufgabenform ablehnte. Anfangs sah sich das neue Konzept zahlreichen Kritikpunkten ausgesetzt.

Man bemngelte, dass die Schreibform eine berforderung der Schlerinnen und Schler darstelle, dass es schwierig sei, kreatives Schreiben zu unterrichten und zu vermitteln, dass die Korrektur problematisch sei und es Probleme bei der Bewertung der Arbeiten gebe. Mittlerweile stellt sich an a five essay on respect den beruflichen Gymnasien die Situation so dar, dass ca. An Essay. 20 % der Schlerinnen und Schler im Abitur den Essay whlen und dass ca. William Barn Burning. ein Drittel dieser Arbeiten beim Drittkorrektor landet. Should An Essay. Diese Zahlen sind unspektakulr, aber Untersuchungen haben gezeigt, wo die Gefahrenquellen bzw. Essay. Schwachpunkte zahlreicher Arbeiten liegen: Manche Schlerinnen und Schler glauben, es genge, schnoddrig zu schreiben und einen Erlebnisaufsatz abzugeben; andere verfassen eher eine Errterung als einen Essay.

und wieder andere gehen vermeintlich auf Nummer Sicher, reihen Aspekte des Dossiers aneinander und missverstehen damit den Geist eines Essays. Zum Teil sind die Probleme durch den Unterricht hausgemacht. An Essay Or In Quotes. So hat sich etwa gezeigt, dass es den Kolleginnen und Kollegen mitunter schwerfllt, den Essay zwischen Erlebnisaufsatz und Errterung zu positionieren und dass sie Skrupel haben, Schlerarbeiten in a five essay on respect, der schulischen Vorbereitungsphase schlecht zu bewerten, weil sie frchten, damit in or in, Erklrungsnot zu geraten – mit der Folge, dass gute Durchschnitte beim Essay den Schlerinnen und Schlern suggerieren, hier sei Beliebigkeit mglich und man erhalte dennoch eine ordentliche Punktzahl. For High Students. Hinzu kommt, dass die Kolleginnen und Kollegen beklagen, im Unterricht keinen rechten Zugang zum Essay zu bekommen, weil es keine handfesten Regeln und Vorgaben gibt und keinen didaktisch-methodischen Handlauf, an should an essay be underlined or in dem man sich in william faulkner symbolism, der Unterrichtspraxis festhalten knne. Dies alles mag so sein und ist mglicherweise auf das allgemein bildende Gymnasium zu bertragen; und ich bin weit davon entfernt zu glauben, dass mein Referat hier Abhilfe schaffen und den Stein der Weisen vermitteln knne, aber vielleicht nutzen ein paar Erfahrungen aus der Unterrichtspraxis in an essay or in quotes, einer Erprobungsphase. Der Essay am allgemein bildenden Gymnasium. Im Schuljahr 2007 / 08 wurde beschlossen, neue Aufgabenformate im Abitur einzufhren – unter anderem den Essay.

Hintergrund war zum einen die schon lnger anhaltende Tendenz der Angleichung des allgemein bildenden an thermoelectric thesis die beruflichen Gymnasien, zum andern standen Probleme bei der Themenfindung zur gestaltenden Interpretation Pate sowie die fehlende Akzeptanz der literarischen Errterung ( 2%). Vorgesehen fr die Einfhrung war zunchst 2013, dann aber 2014, weil man sich sagte, dass ein Jahr der Beruhigung nach dem Doppelabitur nicht schaden knne. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Die vier Regierungsprsidien baten jeweils einen Fachberater, die spter dann neue Aufgabenform unter Abiturbedingungen zu testen, d.h., sie seris zu unterrichten und dann ber den Stoff eine Klausur zu schreiben, deren Thema zentral vorgegeben war und die ber sechs Stunden ging. Format. Die Erfahrungen damit waren schriftlich festzuhalten und wurden bei einer separaten Tagung ausgetauscht und abgeglichen. Fr das RP Freiburg habe ich seinerzeit das Thema Essay bernommen und ich kann folgendes Fazit ziehen: Materialvorgabe als Novum, groes Themenspektrum ber viele Jahre, wenig formalisierte Schreibweise baut Schematismen vor, groe Akzeptanz seitens der Schler/innen, unspektakulre Ergebnisse, schneller Lernerfolg. vermeintliche Beliebigkeit des Essays verleitet zur Flchtigkeit,

Schlerinnen und Schler verlieren Details aus den Augen, wenig Reflexion ber pointierte Schreibweise und stilistische Fragen allgemein, z.T. An Essay Or In Quotes. Umgangssprache als sprachliche Leichtigkeit missverstanden, Kleben an thermoelectric thesis Materialien, „Abhaken“; mangelhaftes Hinterfragen der Materialien, additive Reihung von Aspekten, Anschreiben gegen sich selbst (aber: auch bei Errterung), Ideenlosigkeit fhrt zu frhzeitiger Abgabe der Arbeit bzw. Should Be Underlined Or In Quotes. zu knstlichem Verlngern (aber: auch bei Errterung), schwierige Korrektur . Als Konsequenz: Vorarbeiten und Voraussetzungen - Forderungen an of a rhetorical essay den Unterricht. Essay sptestens ab Kl. Should Be Underlined Quotes. 10 vorbereiten, Abgrenzung zur Errterung notwendig, Problem der Textauswahl und -krzung, ernste und launige Themen whlen. Mittelweg aus Merkmalitis und Offenheit finden (induktives und deduktives Vorgehen) methodisch beraus anspruchsvoll, wenn auf Methodenvielfalt Wert gelegt wird. Essay verlangt eine freiheitlich-kritische Denkhaltung und gestalterische Selbststndigkeit; Unterrichtsstil ist darauf hin auszurichten.

3.) Mglichkeiten der unterrichtlichen Realisation. Vorbereitende Unterrichtssequenzen – Der Essay zwischen Errterung und kreativem Schreiben. Im Anfang war die Argumentation. Nature. In Abkehr vom bis dahin gepflegten „Besinnungsaufsatz“ (Thema z.B: Ist der sonntgliche Spaziergang mit der Familie ein guter Brauch, oder sollte man ihn abschaffen? – Sprachbuch Rahn-Pfleiderer, Klasse 11!) begann seit Mitte der achtziger Jahre ein Curriculum argumentierender und persuasiv ausgelegter Schreib- und Textformen. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Es folgt nmlich die dialektische Errterung, dann die lineare, anschlieend die textgebundene Errterung, die linear oder dialektisch sein kann, und schlielich die literarische Errterung. Rhetorical. Die gestaltende „Errterung“ lassen wir beiseite, denn das ist keine. An Essay. Allein die Unterscheidung all dieser Formen von Errterung fllt nicht nur Schlerinnen und Schlern schwer, denn damit verbunden sind die sattsam bekannten Probleme: - die Unterscheidung von These, Argument und Beispiel, - der Aufbau von Argumentationsketten, - die berleitungen und Gedankenverbindungen, - die textimmanente Kohrenz, - die Gewichtung und der Aufbau der Gedanken, - die Materialsammlung etc. All das ist alles andere als einfach zu unterrichten und es kann inhaltlich wie auch didaktisch-methodisch sehr vieles falsch gemacht werden. Generators Thesis. Die Errterung ist eine schulmeisterliche Kunstform, die woanders als im Unterricht nicht vorkommt. Should Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Sie hat zweifelsohne ihren Wert, dies aber weniger mit Blick auf die Aufsatzart, sondern eher auf die mit ihr verbundenen Denkstrukturen und die Bildung kritischen Bewusstseins (s. Prism Philosophy. Ref. Should An Essay Be Underlined Or In. am Vormittag).

Und nun kommt auch noch der Essay dazu. Nature. Aus alledem wird schon deutlich, dass der Essay nicht beleuchtet werden kann durch eine Aufnahme in should, dieses Errterungs-Curriculum, denn wir wrden eine Unbekannte mit der andern zu erklren versuchen. Das wiederum bedeutet aber, dass, wenn wir schon frhzeitig mit der Einfhrung in format rhetorical, den Essay beginnen wollen (was unbedingt notwendig ist!), wir beide Textgattungen parallel und unabhngig voreinander unterrichten mssen, um anschlieend, wenn die Grundlagen klar sind, eventuell einen Vergleich vornehmen zu knnen – aber dies eben erst, wenn eine Ausgangsbasis besteht. Should An Essay Be Underlined Or In. (Nebenbei ein Blick nach vorn auf die Unterrichtseinheit, die ich nachher vorstellen werde: Hier konnte ich natrlich nicht auf Vorwissen seitens der Schlerinnen und Schler beim Essay zurckgreifen, musste also beim Vergleich bzw. School Students. der Abgrenzung anders vorgehen.) Nun berschneidet sich aber der Essay durchaus im einen oder andern Punkt mit der Errterung, denn auch er kann – muss aber nicht! – argumentativ ausgerichtet sein. Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Und es gibt Affinitten zu Textformen, die hufig als Hinfhrung zur Errterung verstanden wurden oder die gar im Abitur als gestaltende Errterung auftauchten. Thesis. Ich nehme Bezug auf meine Aussage vom Vormittag, wo ich sagte: „Da gab es Leserbriefe zu schreiben oder Abiturreden zu halten – beides Textformen, die sich eben gerade nicht um Sachlichkeit bemhen mssen und die sich eventuell sogar an should an essay or in einen ganz konkreten Adressaten richten, um diesen persuasiv und mitunter polemisch auf ihre Seite zu ziehen.“ Der Leserbrief – hufig schon in resume for high school, Klasse 9 strapaziert – eignet sich bei nherem Hinschauen aber gerade nicht als Vorbung fr die Errterung, selbst wenn er sich in should an essay be underlined quotes, noch so vielen Lehrbchern findet, denn er ist eine subjektive Schreibform, in william barn burning, der sich der Verfasser nicht unbedingt um Sachlichkeit und multiperspektivisches Denken bemht. Should An Essay Quotes. Aber als Hinfhrung zum Essay macht er Sinn, ist sogar geradezu ideal. An Essay Philosophy. Er bringt eine persnliche, subjektive Komponente ins Spiel, richtet sich an should an essay or in einen genannten oder ungenannten Adressaten (den Zeitungsleser), muss sich auf Grund seiner ffentlichkeit (etwa im Unterschied zum Brief) um einen guten Stil und berzeugungskraft bemhen, die Schlerinnen und Schler mssen rezipientenbezogen denken und die Wirkung ihres Texts auf andere in generators thesis, Betracht ziehen und werden schlielich ganz nebenbei auch zum Lesen der Tageszeitung veranlasst. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Es bietet sich also geradezu an, den Leserbrief im Rahmen einer Unterrichtseinheit zu Thema „Zeitung“ zu unterrichten, wenn eine Klasse beispielsweise vier Wochen lang die rtliche Tageszeitung erhlt.

Dabei lassen sich auch andere journalistische Schreibformen wie Feuilleton, Glosse etc. The Magic Prism In The. behandeln und gegeneinander abgrenzen, ohne dass man dies allzu akribisch und ambitioniert angehen sollte. Should. Ein positiver Nebeneffekt: Die Schlerinnen und Schler mssen nicht, wie bisweilen bei der Errterung, tapfer gegen sich selbst anschreiben (zum Beispiel Lesen vs Neue Medien), worunter hufig die Authentizitt leidet; im Gegenteil: man kann die Lernenden zum Nonkonformismus ermuntern, denn jetzt drfen sie ihre Meinung sagen . Ein weiterer positiver Aspekt der Verbindung aus Essay und Zeitung ist die Mglichkeit der Informationsbeschaffung durch dieses Medium (durchaus neben und zustzlich zur Internet-Recherche) und das Sortieren, Auswhlen, Auswerten und Gliedern der Informationen. Resume Writing For High Students. Dies alles kann bereits in an essay be underlined or in, Klasse 9 stattfinden (evtl. A Five Essay On Respect. im zweiten Halbjahr). In Klasse 10 knnte dann die Rede hinzukommen, in an essay, der gezielte rhetorische Elemente verwendet werden, um eine bestimmte Wirkung zu erzeugen und die Zuhrerschaft zu berzeugen. Resume Writing. Damit verbunden knnte sein die Sachtextanalyse – zum Beispiel eben fr die Vorbereitung einer Rede, mglich wre auch eine Verbindung mit Prsentationstechniken, wobei hier die Beschftigung mit diskontinuierlichen Texten wie zum Beispiel Tabellen, grafischen Darstellungen oder Statistiken stattfinden knnte. Als Strukturierungshilfen fr eine derartige Rede oder einen Prsentationsvortrag eignet sich eine Mindmap – evtl. Should An Essay Be Underlined Or In. gerade auch am PC mit einem entsprechenden Programm und die Schlerinnen und Schler spielen hier erfahrungsgem sehr gerne mit wirkungsvollen Prsentationsschemata, ohne diese bewusst einsetzen zu knnen.

Auch hierbei ist der Deutschunterricht gefragt und es passt durchaus zum Thema Essay-Propdeutik, wenn wir die Schlerinnen und Schler im PC-Raum einen Blick auf gngige Prsentationsprogramme werfen lassen und sie sich unter Anleitung und Beratung (auch gegenseitig) ber die Mglichkeiten eines solchen Programms informieren. Writing School. Wichtig dabei ist die Funktionalitt der ausgewhlten Prsentationsformen. Should Or In Quotes. Nicht auf Eindruckschinderei kommt es an, sondern darauf, die eigenen Gedanken in generators, anspruchsvoller Form in an essay or in, eingngige grafische Darstellungen umzusetzen. In der Kursstufe beginnt schlielich die eigentliche Arbeit am und mit dem Essay. William Faulkner Barn Burning. Neu ist hierbei zunchst einmal das Dossier . Quotes. Dieses kann Hilfe sein, birgt aber auch Fallstricke. Generators Thesis. Positiv ist auf jeden Fall zu vermerken, dass das Dossier eine alte Schwche der Errterung vermeiden hilft, dass die Schlerinnen und Schler nmlich ber etwas schreiben, von dem sie (zu) wenig Ahnung haben. Should Quotes. Diesem Missstand wirkt das Dossier zumindest ansatzweise entgegen, indem es Haltepunkte gibt, Denkanste vermittelt, zeigt, wo man ansetzen knnte. Thermoelectric Thesis. Genau dies ist auch der tiefere Sinn dieser Textbeigaben, nicht etwa die bernahme von Stzen oder gar ganzer Textteile in should an essay be underlined or in, den Essay.

Dossiertexte haben Impulscharakter. William. Nichtsdestoweniger lauern hier die Gefahren. Be Underlined Or In. Gerade schwchere Schlerinnen und Schler tendieren dazu, auf „Nummer Sicher“ zu gehen und die Materialien abzuarbeiten, und weil es eben ein Essay werden soll, bedienen sie sich eines schnoddrigen Stils mit „coolen“ Ausdrcken. Faulkner Barn Symbolism. Mit dieser Umsetzung der Vorlagen gert der Essay zum Teil zur errternden Stoffsammlung. Should Be Underlined Or In. Dem kann man entgegenwirken, indem man die Schlerinnen und Schler abstracts schreiben lsst und sie zwingt, einzelne Aspekte aus dem Materialienpool hchstens in in the philosophy of language, Form weniger Zitate zu verwenden. Be Underlined Or In. Sehr sinnvoll ist es auch, die Schlerinnen und Schler selbst ein Dossier zu einem bestimmten Thema zusammenstellen zu lassen, das dann gegebenenfalls andere bearbeiten, indem sie dazu einen Essay schreiben, der dann wiederum von den „Themenstellern“ benotet wird. Um zu verhindern, dass die Lernenden sich einzig und allein auf die Materialien des Dossiers verlassen, kann man dieses im Unterricht und gegebenenfalls in generators, der Klausur zeitverzgert ausgeben und die Schlerinnen und Schler zunchst eine eigene Ideensammlung anfertigen lassen. Auch diese Ideensammlung kann vorbereitet werden, indem man zum Beispiel die Methode des Clusterings einfhrt. Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Diese „Ideentraube“ dient als Darstellungsform fr assoziative Gedanken, wohingegen eine Mindmap als mnemotechnisches Instrument versucht, Dinge rational zu strukturieren.

Besser als eine Mindmap eignen sich also fr Ideensammlungen beliebige grafische Darstellungen – oder eben das Cluster. Fr die Abiturprfung kann man die Schlerinnen und Schler anhalten, ebenfalls so zu verfahren, dass sie sich zunchst selbst Gedanken zum Thema machen und erst dann zu den Materialien greifen und mit diesen ihre eigenen Notizen ergnzen. Rhetorical Analysis. Damit ist sichergestellt, dass sie sich nicht zu stark auf das Dossier sttzen. Sind diese Vorarbeiten gettigt, geht es darum, den gedanklichen Aufbau eines Essays zu erschlieen und zu ben. Should Be Underlined Or In. Altbekannte Methoden des „verzgerten Lesens“, spter in nature essay, leicht erweiterter Form eher bekannt als „handlungs- und produktionsorientierter Unterricht“ (vgl. An Essay Be Underlined Quotes. Der Deutschunterricht, Heft 2 / 81) erweisen sich hier als beraus ntzlich: das Weiterschreiben, das Sortieren von Abstzen und der Lckentext. Thesis. Wir betrachten das am Beispiel der Materialien zum Thema „Literatur in an essay quotes, der Schule“ (Mat. William Faulkner Burning Symbolism. teil, S. Should Or In Quotes. 8-10). Thermoelectric Thesis. Hier haben wir lauter Texte aus den 70er und 80er Jahren, unter anderem einen hchst interessanten Essay von Hans Magnus Enzensberger („Ein bescheidener Vorschlag zum Schutz der Jugend …). Be Underlined Quotes. Dieser umfasst in faulkner barn symbolism, der Originalfassung 17 Seiten und ist eine regelrechte Fundgrube fr das Thema „Essay“. Nun ist der vorliegende Textausschnitt natrlich stark gekrzt und es bieten sich jetzt methodisch mehrere Mglichkeiten an should an essay quotes (die im brigen auch auf andere Texte anwendbar sind): Wir knnen die gekrzten Stellen (die brigens nicht sinnvoll gekrzt werden mssen!) durch die Schlerinnen und Schler ergnzen lassen.

Die Aufgabe erfordert logisches Denken und ein tiefes Eindringen in writing, den Text und in should quotes, die angesprochenen Zusammenhnge. Nature. Wir knnen dabei beispielsweise durch ein grau unterlegtes Feld deutlich machen, wie viel „Zwischentext“ wir ungefhr erwarten. Should An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Nachdem einige Schlerversionen besprochen wurden, wird der ausgelassene Textteil nachgeliefert und die Schlerinnen und Schler vergleichen ihre Ergnzungen mit dem Original – wodurch wiederum sichergestellt ist, dass auch dieser Textausschnitt aufmerksam gelesen wird. In unserem vorliegenden Fall „Literatur in of language, der Schule“ erffnet sich noch eine weitere Mglichkeit: Die Zusatztexte von Grass, Rhmkorf und Susan Sontag gehen alle in be underlined or in quotes, eine hnliche Richtung. Of Language. Was also spricht dagegen, diese in an essay be underlined or in quotes, Enzensbergers Text zu implementieren: An welcher Stelle wrden sie passen? Wo gibt es evtl. Resume Writing For High School. logische Brche? Wie knnten diese sprachlich und inhaltlich ausgemerzt werden? – Auch hier empfiehlt sich die Arbeit am PC und dabei das Abspeichern verschiedener Versionen und das Experimentieren mit Textbausteinen und Sprache. Should An Essay Or In. Auch ein Blick auf die Stilebenen ist dabei angebracht: Wo gibt es zum Beispiel in prism in the, dieser Hinsicht Brche? Passt Rhmkorfs Begriff „Arschpauker der Poesie“ zur Sprache Enzensbergers oder Grass‘? – Darber kann man kontrovers diskutieren. Noch fr einige weitere methodische Mglichkeiten bietet sich die Arbeit am PC an, so zum Beispiel, wenn wir einen Text in be underlined quotes, Abstzen ausgeben, die durcheinander gewrfelt sind. An Essay In The Philosophy. Diese Vorgehensweise empfiehlt sich beispielsweise bei Brechts Text Betrachtung der Kunst und Kunst der Betrachtung – Reflexionen ber die Portrtkunst in an essay or in quotes, der Bildhauerei (1939).

Wir geben diesen Text in william burning symbolism, vllig vernderter Form aus und lassen ihn durch die Schlerinnen und Schler in should an essay be underlined, eine in paragraph, sich logische Form bringen (Tastenkombination Alt-Hoch-Pfeiltasten). Should Quotes. Wenn dies gemacht ist, knnen wir die Arbeit der einzelnen im Tauschverzeichnis verffentlichen und durch andere bewerten und kommentieren lassen. Wir knnen schlielich den greren Mittelteil eines Essays ausgeben und Anfang und Schluss ergnzen lassen, womit wir gezielt ben, wie man am Anfang die Aufmerksamkeit des Lesers bindet und am Schluss die Klammer zum Anfang schliet und evtl. Nature Essay. mit einer Pointe endet. In Sprachuntersuchungen knnen wir pointierte Formulierungen extrahieren und / oder die verwendeten Redefiguren und Stilmittel bestimmen. Should. Zwar sollten die Schlerinnen und Schler nicht dem Irrtum verfallen, man msse nun mglichst viele verschiedene Redefiguren unterbringen, aber die Kenntnis einiger rhetorischer Mittel wie der Metapher, der Ellipse, des Euphemismus oder der Hyperbel ist notwendig, um einen Text analysieren und seine sprachlichen Mittel und deren Wirkung in writing school, ein Beziehungsgeflecht setzen zu knnen. An Essay Or In. Nur wer wei, was es fr rhetorische Mglichkeiten gibt, kann diese anwenden.

Einen Essay zu schreiben lernt man – dies hrt sich wie eine Binsenweisheit an thermoelectric – nur durch Schreiben. Should Quotes. Unabdingbar sind also zeitintensive Inhalte wie Schreibwerkstatt, Schreibkonferenzen, Stufen- oder klasseninterne Korrektur-workshops etc. Writing Students. Der Essay ist weniger als andere Abiturinhalte durch ein starres Unterrichtsschema zu unterrichten, sondern verlangt viel Eigeninitiative von den Schlerinnen und Schlern und Flexibilitt seitens der Lehrkrfte. Vereinfacht wird das Schreiben eines Essays, wenn man die Schlerinnen und Schler von vornherein ermuntert, in should an essay quotes, der Ich-Form zu schreiben, dabei zwar assoziativ vorzugehen, aber stringent zu bleiben und – auch eigentlich eine Plattitde! – auf einen passenden Titel des Essays zu achten. Thermoelectric. Dieser schildert die Arbeit aus, gibt eine Richtung vor, bndelt die Gedanken. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Daneben ist bei den Schreibbungen zu beachten, dass das Exemplarische den Vorzug vor der ausufernden Vollstndigkeit erhlt.

Als Faustregel sollten die Schlerinnen und Schler Folgendes beachten: - Nominalstil und Passiv-Konstruktionen klingen oft brokratisch. -Ein Satz, der lnger als drei Zeilen ist, kann in format of a rhetorical analysis essay, den meisten Fllen aufgeteilt werden; Schachtelstze sind zu vermeiden. - Abtnungspartikel wie „ja“, „eben“, „gerade“ sind oft Ausdruck von Allgemeinpltzen und knnen weggelassen oder durch przisere Ausdrcke ersetzt werden. - Einklammerungen sollten unterbleiben. Die Planungsphase eines Abituraufsatzes zum Essay darf und muss entsprechend lang sein, der Umfang des Essays ist nicht das Entscheidende. Mit Blick auf die Probleme, die das gestaltende Interpretieren und die gestaltende Errterung gemacht haben und in or in, Anbetracht dessen, dass die literarische Errterung immer nur von weniger als 2 % der Schlerinnen und Schler gewhlt wurde, erscheint die neue Form des Essays durchaus ein Gewinn – nicht zuletzt auch deshalb, weil auch beim gestaltenden Interpretieren und der Errterung zum Teil erhebliche Abweichungen zwischen Erst- und Zweitkorrektur zu verzeichnen waren. William Faulkner. Der Essay wird viel Ungewohntes bringen:

Das Scheitern, Abbrechen, Umdenken als unverzichtbare und lehrreiche Begleiterscheinungen von Lernprozessen werden immer noch zu oft als peinliche und daher zu umgehende Sackgassen betrachtet. An Essay Be Underlined Or In Quotes. Ergebnis- bzw. William Faulkner. Produktorientierung, Benotbarkeit und das starre Festhalten an an essay or in hergebrachten Leistungsmustern stehen einer allgemein notwendigen Flexibilisierung des Deutschunterrichts nicht selten im Wege. ( zit. Resume For High Students. aus einem unverffentlichten Vortrag von Dr. Or In Quotes. J. The Magic In The. Ulmer am 26.7.2010 in should an essay be underlined or in quotes, Bad Wildbad)