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Business Groups Looted by Controlling Families, and the Asian Crisis. The uthor recommends that concerned governments should adopt as their primary policy focus the strengthening of corporate governance mechanisms and transparency so as to counter this abusive behavior by some controlling owners. To a large extent, the Asian financial crisis is review of literature proposal a corporate governance crisis. This was particularly so in acknowledgments thesis Korea, where a series of bankruptcies of large business groups, called chaebols, was mainly responsible for the triggering of the crisis. The mismanagement of foreign exchange assets and liabilities was another critical factor for the loss of confidence in the Asian economies. However, even with substantial improvement in their liquidity conditions, these economies are hardly out of the trouble, indicating the seriousness and tenacity of the structural weaknesses in these economies (Nam, 2001). The main problems of the corporate sector are widely believed to have been attributable to weak corporate governance that could not check over-leveraged business expansion and inefficient investment. Effective internal mechanisms for the supervision or monitoring of management were virtually absent; neither did creditor banks nor the capital market play their proper roles. Review Of Literature Proposal. At the center of the crisis and budget cuts affecting, a still lingering problem in each of the crisis-hit Asian economies are family-based business groups exerting extensive control over national wealth. However, these groups had actually been the engine of growth in the previous decades of rapid economic development. Proposal. We could not adequately explain the Asian crisis without due account of the nature and essay on importance of reading, behavior of the family-based business groups in these economies, which is the primary purpose of this paper.

Lacking a solid theoretical basis, there have often been confusions and inconsistency in interpretation of the behavior and of literature in research, performance of acknowledgments business groups as well as proposals for associated reform. Review Proposal. For instance, it has usually not been made clear whether some of the acknowledgments thesis problems can be attributed to their organizational structure (diversified conglomerate) or their governance type (family-based). This distinction has to be made clear when advice is given to some of the transitional economies including the People's Republic of China (PRC) that are interested in review of literature proposal fostering business groups for their industrial development. The group structure with its clear multi-divisional form facilitates business diversification, though diversification can be pursued within a firm to essays, a considerable degree. Of Literature Proposal. A more important difference between diversification within a firm and within a group has to do with the difference in their ownership structure. Each of the subsidiaries of a business group, being a legally independent company, has its own set of shareholders, with varying ownership shares held by the controlling owner. This could enable the controlling shareholder to get personal benefits by transferring resources from essays one subsidiary to another where he has a bigger stake. Incentives for expropriation are strong since, through devices like ownership pyramiding, controlling owners usually have much smaller cash flow rights than voting rights. Expropriation of outside shareholders by controlling owners may actually be an important motivation for forming a business group in addition to maximizing the potential benefits of business diversification. In Section 2, our attention is directed to review, family-based groups a dominant form of business groupings in East Asia with the discussion of their advantages and on importance story books, risks.

Several explanations as to why business groups are dominantly owned and controlled by families are also discussed, even though this is a rather universal phenomenon except for a few countries. Then, after a brief review of proposal motivations for forming business groups, a hypothesis is presented concerning the primary objective of essays on football family-based business groups. It is argued that these groups pursue the goal of long-run wealth maximization of the controlling families. This goal would generally deviate from the profit or equity-value maximization of review proposal a business group or its member subsidiaries. Of Reading Story Books. It is so because the interests of controlling families can be furthered at in research the expense of outside shareholders mainly through the internal transactions among subsidiaries. If the deviation is essay about and communication substantial, efficiency in group-wide resource allocation will be greatly compromised and review in research proposal, their competitive position weakened. Cuts Affecting Higher. The above hypothesis is evaluated in Section 3 by discussing the behavior and performance of Korean chaebols before the crisis. Business groups with the objective of maximizing the interests of controlling families are expected to show a set of distinct behavior.

First of all, the controlling families would make every effort to keep their management control by directly involving themselves in managerial functions or tightly controlling managers. In order to avoid substantial ownership dilution that might endanger management control, the groups will mainly depend on debt for financing their ambitious investment plans. Proposal. They will also aggressively diversify their businesses adding new subsidiaries, which may be utilized as tools of budget cuts affecting higher abusive internal transactions. Review Of Literature Proposal. Entry into the financial industry should be of strategic importance, since it further opens a large room for internal resource reallocation. The consequence is poor profitability and fragility of their financial structure making them extremely vulnerable to shocks. These predictions are borne out strongly by the behavior and performance of Korean chaebols. The discussions and existing empirical evidence seem to confirm the concern that the real corporate governance challenge is the essay agency problem of how to protect outside shareholders from the proposal expropriation of controlling owners. Essays Action Heroes. The expropriation is review of literature proposal not just a distribution problem between controlling and outside shareholders, since much of the distorted resource allocation is occurring before corporate profits are determined.

It is imperative to put basic corporate governance mechanisms in place and ensure their effectiveness. Some governments of crisis-hit economies have directly intervened in reforming the organizational structure of business groups and imposed outright bans on some of essay about their problematic behavior. Review Proposal. These policy responses can be counterproductive, since the main source of the problem is poor governance in family-controlled businesses. Thus, primary policy efforts should be better directed to corporate governance reform and let the strengthened governance mechanisms deal with the acknowledgments thesis dubious behavior of controlling owners. 2017 Asian Development Bank Institute. Terms of Use. Kasumigaseki Building 8F, 3-2-5, Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-6008, Japan.

The Asian Development Bank Institute was established in 1997 in Tokyo, Japan, to of literature in research proposal, help build capacity, skills, and knowledge related to poverty reduction and other areas that support long-term growth and competitiveness in developing economies in Asia and the Pacific. Subscribe to our newsletter to get the latest news and find out about our upcoming events and job openings.

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Middle School Memories [writing prompt] This guest post is by My Transforming Stories, a writer who prefers to stay anonymous until his book is review of literature proposal published (which he hopes will be soon!) You can find his blog at budget cuts higher education, mytransformingstories.blogspot.com. Throughout your high school or middle school careers you probably made many memories. Turn those memories into writing. Remember that first kiss, or when you flunked a math test, or tried to review of literature in research proposal make the best senior prank possible? Write about that!

Write for budget cuts education fifteen minutes, and when you’re finished, post your practice in the comments section. Photo by Woodley Wonderworks. Here’s my practice: It was the of literature, end. Josh stood on acknowledgments thesis the wooden stage that he knew he would remember forever. In Research. The lights shined from above. Josh could see the shadows of a few hundred sitting in the audience. His heart fluttered as he walked towards my principal; he held Josh’s diploma in his right hand, holding it out so Josh could snatch it from his hand. Josh made my way towards, knowing that his family would be watching him and taking dozen of pictures.

They were already cheering and clapping, making themselves heard. In that moment he felt nothing except nerves. Sweat beaded down his neck when Josh finally made his way towards his principal and cuts affecting higher his diploma. Josh reached forward and gently grabbed his diploma from his principal’s hand and simultaneously moving his tassel to review of literature in research proposal the opposite side and essay about and communication then shaking his principal’s hand. Josh’s diploma was visible to the audience and he saw flashes of pictures, no doubt coming from the silhouettes of review of literature in research proposal, my family. Essay Of Reading Story Books. As Josh slowly walked back to seat he thought to myself, this is the end. Proposal. For the first time ever I would have to move on, grow up and face a new stage in my life. Books. Josh’s stomach felt very fuzzy, like every organ in his body was floating. Josh looked around at his class. The crowd gave one final round of of literature in research, applause for the whole graduating class. On Female Heroes. All of of literature in research, Josh’s great memories up till now flashed in Josh’s mind, one by one.

Now Josh would move on of reading books to even more amazing memories. Review Proposal. Josh smiled; middle school was over, but his life would just be beginning. HI there… there are some strange POV shifts between Josh and essay on importance of reading story I? Weird – even my husband noticed them! It may have been written in first person originally, and of literature in research proposal then changed to a third omniscient with some oversights in the edit. Thesis. Also, the link doesn’t work for in research me. I get a message saying the acknowledgments, blog doesn’t exist.

I see that too and thought maybe it was some kind of new experimental thing but I can’t figure it out. definitely. In Research. Maybe he was writing about himself, even thought it was 3rd person so kept on on football switching my/myself for his and himself? I guess reinforces the importance of review proposal, editing our own work… Back in essays the day, art classes used an adhesive called rubber cement. It came in proposal these bulbous, brown jars with an on female action application brush attached to the jar lid. Of Literature Proposal. Inevitably, our hands would be dotted with this rubbery substance by end of class. We couldn’t wait to pick the acknowledgments, rubberized glue off our hands and in research flick at some unsuspecting classmate. You could almost count that we would just wipe a big glob of the adhesive in the palms of essays heroes, our hands for future use. (On to the next class) Citizens Education was the next class after Art.

If you can, try to review of literature in research imagine at on importance of reading, least 6 fun-loving, American Indian girls seated together at the back of the proposal, class, one of whom was my crazy cousin seated to the left of me. Now, Cit Ed was a pretty boring class. Essays. We needed something to of literature proposal keep us entertained. Essay On Importance Of Reading Books. It didn’t take long before my cousin, Pam pulled out review of literature in research proposal, her dried ball of rubber cement. Leaning on one elbow, she pushed the little brown ball through the acknowledgments, fold of her arm with her other hand.

This would set everyone to giggling as the little “terd” fell out from between her forearm and bicep. One time, she put a small ball of rubber cement up her nose. It would shoot out like a bullet. Only one time, the bullet was a dud. I kept waiting for the explosion, but nothing happened. Pam held down one nostril and review in research blew and blew. Acknowledgments. Finally, the review in research proposal, panic in her eyes signaled her demise. (Pam never panicked because she was the toughest girl in our group.) Quickly raising my hand, I interrupted our teacher, Ms. Brown. “Ms Brown, Pam put rubber cement in her nose and can’t get it out.” I was trying to sound calm.

I can’t even imagine what was going through Ms. Brown’s mind. By this time, everyone in thesis about the class was giggling out loud, especially the boys. When I think back to my middle school days and how much trouble my friends and I were to some of our teachers, it makes me want to go back and apologize a hundred times over (especially, now that I’ve been on the receiving side). Review In Research. But fifty years later, we still get a big laugh out of it. Hey Shelley, great memory very funny, well done.

Glad you enjoyed. About. Thank you, Suzie. That was funny, kind of like spit balls but more complicated. I can see the show off being laughed at and not being able to inhale fully due to the wad of glue. Very funny. It was definitely one of those times that “stuck” with us. Thanks, Marianne. I started reading and just knew the rubber cement had to connect with someone’s nose somehow. I used to roll a dab between my fingers and then attach it just on the inside of my nose so it looked liked I had a dangler. I should have included a description of review proposal, our visit to the nurse.

It was a precision tweezer removal. My little sister put a bean up her nose once when the about arthritis, Brownies were making bean bag paperweights for Father’s Day presents. Of Literature Proposal. She had to go through the tweezer thing. I remember the tweezers as being huge but maybe it was because I wasn’t much older than she and was scared. Well I’m getting a laugh out of it right now Shelley! Kids will be kids huh. I really like your easy writing style.

Why thank you, Yvette. Next to so many “experts” here, I was wondering if I was even on the same playing field. The great thing about The Write Practice is, no matter who you are, expert or no, your contribution is essays on football injuries appreciated #128578; Keep up the good work Shelley! Fourteen and bolshie. What a combination for review of literature in research any teacher to deal with. That’s what me and my mates thought so we would hang out for most of the day in the top bogs, smoking.

Sometimes me and Milton would have enough of everyone else and we’d take ourselves off to our office. The bottom bogs had the cistern above the pan so to touch it you’d have to stand on the edges of the pan. Arthritis. Inside our office’s cistern was a bottle of review of literature in research proposal, vodka, me and Milt would take it in turns to swig. Idyllic days and sweaty nights, that is about and communication how we spent our fifteenth year till Milt got pregnant, had an review of literature in research proposal abortion and the whole world (entire town) blamed me. “Fourteen and bolshie” aren’t we all the essay of reading books, same, those of us who have a bit of the rebel about us anyway. I love this mainly because despite the fact that I had to look up bolshie and of literature in research proposal that bogs and cisterns and pans aren’t words I come across very often the story is much the same for most of us here. On Female Action Heroes. “Fourteen and review of literature proposal bolshie” tells a familiar story. I was going to write in American, and call it middle school but realised your cisterns probably never were six feet or more in the air. Vodka and ciggies though – universal for those type of girls. I like it when you write in injuries Irish, but do have to look things up. Just don’t hit mewith gaelic or not too much of it. We didn’t have cisterns where I grew up, water was from the lake, but they had one here a huge city block sized one (I’m not even sure that’s still called a cistern).

It had a statue of a Greek water bearer in the middle of it but now its drained and closed up. Of Literature. Would have been a great place for a body in a murder mystery. When I was young, many homes (including mine) had cisterns in the basement to collect rainwater. Thesis. Of course, it was only good for washing. Review. Drinking water was taken from acknowledgments thesis, our well. Such good memories. aon fhadhb Marianne nil a fhios agam aon fhocal amhain an Ghaeilge ach usaid a bhaint as google aistritheoir – gaire. which means no problem Marianne I have no word of Irish and use google translator – lol. I sense a leaning toward mystery going on review of literature Marianne. Thesis. Thinking of writing one?

It seems every middle school kid is from the same mold, regardless where they’re from. In Research. I forgot all about the times we hid in the girls’ lag smoking. Your description takes me right to on football injuries the movie, “To Sir, With Love”, one of in research proposal, my favorite young adult stories. that book was on our booklist for school. The movie did not portray in on football graphic detail like the book did. I got kicked out of a boyfriend’s house watching that. Of Literature In Research Proposal. I listened to the track out side MM world in Las Vegas.

This book follows me round. No one notices that I (female) made someone else pregnant, maybe mt first person needs work! Maybe I need work – to come across more feminine or gamine or something. You didn’t write that you “made” her pregnant, only books that you were blamed for the situation. I sort of figured that the birds and the bees stuff is pretty universal and review that you meant that you’d been seen as the bad influence who’d led her down that road making her ripe for trouble…

I have no clue about some of on female heroes, these words, yet the tone still comes through. Great last sentence! And now we look at children like this and slowly shake our heads at review in research, their naivety. Just credited you (and this site) on the Merriam Webster site. Essay About Language. They wanted to know where I came across the term bolshie… Short, sweet, and heavy-hitting! Middle school defined me. I was in Southern California, and I was cool with my Hammer Pants and PCH t-shirts. Although I lived six miles from the review of literature, beach, I was more into on football injuries, skateboarding.

There was only one problem. Of Literature In Research Proposal. I sucked. So I tried basketball. Budget Cuts Affecting Education. I’m 35 now, and I’m five foot and a half on review of literature my tiptoes, so you can see my dilemma. But I overcame. My dad taught at the school, and thesis we lived right across the in research, street, so I was in the gym all summer.

Every day. For hours.I was so absorbed in developing my skills that I didn’t even have time to ogle the injuries, high school cheerleaders who practiced in the gym occasionally. Occasionally, they would ask me to proposal leave because I was distracting them. So I’d go outside and practice on the blacktop courts. For three summers, I stayed in that gym. An Irishman taught me how to execute a crossover dribble that ended in a pull-up jump shot.

I played HORSE with some of the teachers who needed a break from essays, lesson plans. I helped the Coca-Cola guy fill up the soda machine. I was in that gym when the Gulf War started. Review Of Literature In Research Proposal. I was in the gym when my father walked in, bloodied and broken, crushed bicycle in hand. I was in the gym when I said goodbye to essays action heroes my friends for the last time before we moved across the country to my new high school. My new basketball coach didn’t like my fancy California skills. Reverse lay-ups and no-look-behind-the-back passes were not part of his fundamentals. But I learned the game watching Earvin “Magic” Johnson. There was no other way. So when the last few seconds ticked off the review of literature in research proposal, clock during our homecoming game, I stole the essay, ball near mid-court and charged the proposal, basket. The defensive center was the only player who stood in my way.

My double-pump got him off his feet and gave me room to ease my body under his outstretched arm. I swung my right arm as far under the about language and communication, basket as I could. I released the soft, leathery orb with enough of a spin so that it caught the right side of the glass backboard and bounced back toward the goal on the left. I never saw the review of literature proposal, ball go in, but I heard the injuries, explosion of the crowd as the final buzzer sounded. The skills I taught myself in junior high made me a hero in high school. They gave me the confidence in college. And now they are skills that my son wants to learn.

*Disclaimer: This took more than the allotted 15, but I couldn’t keep track of time that well because two little ones insisted on of literature going right to bed without any fuss at on importance of reading, all. This reads just like an of literature excerpt from your book. You’re writing one, right? No, I just made this up tonight. I’m not writing a book about my life yet. Thesis About. I’m working on review something else at the moment. Does an author share my name? I was hoping my comment with spurn you in to thesis arthritis one.

I see what you did there. That was some smooth writing. I don’t even like basketball but I enjoyed that. Thanks. I hope that lighting bolt didn’t hurt too bad after writing that sacrilegious atrocity about the of literature in research, best sport ever. Arthritis. Thanks for the compliment. Jason, really liking this, uncluttered, smooth, good stuff. Thank you for such kind words, Suzie.

Yup, I agree. Well written piece. Actually, although I stopped mine in review of literature in research the middle when the buzzer went off, I am beginning to gather that the thesis, 15 minutes is to review of literature proposal get us started, if your juices are flowing, go for cuts affecting higher education it! Thank you, Mirel. Of Literature Proposal. I had to stop and start at least three times because my boys were demanding attention. About And Communication. Speaking of… Loved this.

Its a great piece of writing and I too spent my middle school years in So Cal wearing MC Hammer pants. Thanks for that flashback. Thanks, Leti. I lived in Vista after a stint in “The Valley.” Good writing, man! I didn’t get the Hammer pants and the whats-it t-shirts because I’m old! but I’m glad I kept reading! The image of your father walking in “broken and bloodied, carrying the bicycle” is unforgettable and gives your story a gritty reality that arrests the reader. Good job!

You don’t remember those baggy, colorful pants that made MC Hammer popular in the 80s? PCH = Pacific Coast Highway. It was a popular brand back then, too. Review. I appreciate your comments, John. Higher. Thank you.

…….yeah, well, not only am I old, I’ve never been outside of Texas for more than a month at review of literature, a time, so we’re lookin’ at a bubba factor here too! ‘Transforming’ moments in education High school. it was my second day at a new school, I was feeling handicapped by my previous few years of home schooling, and before that almost two years of being the rebel child who made all the wrong decisions. It was my first class in geography for the year, and of literature proposal I had already made the blunder of choosing the wrong class, and then having to be sent to the right one. So, as you can imagine, I was pretty embarrassed. Oh well, I thought, as I sat down by myself under the impatient gaze of the teacher, who as I found out later, had a bark worse than her bite. Language And Communication. I noticed as I began writing up my title page for of literature the class that there were two ‘cool’ boys to my right and that they were leaning back in their seats looking at me with more than curiosity.

This made me nervous, for I had been used to being almost invisible to guys, especially those in about the ‘cool’ class in school, unless I was with one of those girls who are gifted with natural beauty and charisma. Later, during the class, the closest guy passed me a note and gestured to review of literature the guy next to essays on female heroes him who grinned at of literature in research, me and winked. I was most definitely out of my depth, the note was rather flattering while at the same time being insulting. It read, from what my memory still has, ‘Hello, sexy red head, please call me, [and a number was supplied]’ and then it was signed. For the purposes of myself and the poor guy who was involved, I won’t mention the name of the guy. The note was transforming to me, because as I stared at it, and about arthritis glanced at the interested guy nearby, I realised that maybe I was interesting to guys and not only for my friends presence [this, since I was alone at the time].

Maybe this guy liked me, and only on first appearances. I won’t explain anything else about this incident, because in the end of confidence was broken since the whole thing was a gag. But that moment, when I read that note, I felt a surge of confidence, and it took me at least a few months to review in research proposal come down from that high. It was for me, a transforming moment, and i’d like to remember the higher education, first part and not the part where I felt admired, than later when I lost it and became slightly more aware of the review in research proposal, fickleness of teenage boys. R, like the writing, well done.

An artificial transforming moment. That’s a great idea so clearly laid out. That happens more than we would like to think I imagine. Found this one hard to write. The gong sounded and hadn’t really gotten to thesis the story, I’ll let you guess…

Their class was the review of literature proposal, largest class in essays on female the new school: 5 twelfth graders, 8 eleventh graders, 36. tenth graders and 22 ninth graders. Of Literature In Research. Tenth grade ruled! Teachers hesitated before entering their. classroom. Essay On Importance. Substitute teachers would.

leave their room in tears. Some even. While the of literature, class had strong students and weak students and budget cuts affecting higher its own cliques, test taking was open. game. The goal: everyone getting better. grades. The game plan: doing whatever. possible to of literature in research proposal pull one over on the teacher. Passing notes, angling one’s paper so that it could be seen in about the row.

behind you: anything you could get away. with was kosher. Of Literature. Till Miss Abramowitz. Miss Abramowitz was the youngest teacher in the school. Nineteen years old, fresh out of college.

almost the thesis arthritis, same age as her older students. And yet, when Miss Abramowitz walked into the room, backs straightened, talking. ceased and even the tenth grade class became orderly. Mid-term season came, and proposal the tenth graders. were at the height of essay books, their test-taking skills: One test after another, with girls exchanging all their tried and true. methods for review in research studying, sharing information and cribbing. Then Miss Abramowitz walked into the room. “Girls, I have your mid-term exam. here. You have 45 minutes to complete. it.

Look at this test, ask any questions. you may have now, for I will be leaving the room. I am giving this test relying on the honor. system. I am relying on your honor. Now look at the test.

Any questions?” The girls sat dumbfounded. Ha good one Mirel, …. finish it please. Okay, here it is, finished: Their class was the largest class in the new school: 5 twelfth graders, 8 eleventh graders, 36. tenth graders and on importance story 22 ninth graders. Tenth grade ruled! Teachers hesitated before entering their. classroom.

Substitute teachers would. leave their room in tears. Some even. While the class had strong students and weak students, and review of literature proposal its own cliques, test taking was open. game. The goal: everyone getting better. grades.

The game plan: doing whatever. possible to arthritis pull one over on the teacher. Passing notes, angling one’s paper so that it could be seen in the row. behind you: anything you could get away. with was kosher. Review In Research. Till Miss Abramowitz. Miss Abramowitz was the youngest teacher in arthritis the school. Nineteen years old, fresh out of college.

almost the same age as her older students. And yet, when Miss Abramowitz walked into the room, backs straightened, talking. ceased and even the tenth grade class became orderly. Mid-term season came, and the tenth graders. were at review of literature proposal, the height of their test-taking skills: One test after another, with girls exchanging all their tried and true. methods for studying, sharing information and cribbing. Then Miss Abramowitz walked into the room. “Girls, I have your mid-term exam. here.

You have 45 minutes to complete. it. Look at this test, ask any questions. you may have now, for acknowledgments thesis I will be leaving the room. Review In Research Proposal. Should you need me, I will be in the. library. I am giving this test relying.

on the essays on football injuries, honor system. Review Of Literature In Research. I am relying on. your honor. Now look at the test. About Arthritis. Any questions?” The girls sat dumbfounded. There were some nervous giggles, no one quite sure what to in research expect. But once Miss Abramowitz glanced around and saw that there were no more. questions, she bent down to retrieve her small bag, tossed her long blond hair.

over her shoulder and did indeed walk out the room. When the and communication, sounds of her heel clicking down the. hall towards the library could no longer be heard, the class was the quietest. it had ever been. Girls glanced at each.

other in consternation, not quite sure how to react, but bit by bit, heads went. down, pens and pencils were picked up and of literature in research the writing began. There were one or two girls who begged for. answers, quietly, circumspectly but the action, room was still. Review Of Literature In Research Proposal. Everyone ended up bent over her own paper, doing the best she could. Nine and a half years of being taught about God and godly.

traits, the importance of honesty and sterling qualities did not seem to have. had much of an effect on that unruly class. Yet one minute from that young teacher had made the higher education, girls contemplate, many for the first time, their own moral integrity. The class remained an exceedingly unruly class, and review of literature yet, for. many of those girls, those 45 minutes were a watershed moment. Many of the girls never cheated again. Many began to thesis arthritis examine their behavior and set. limits on themselves.

I should know, for. I was one of them. Review Proposal. Thank you, Miss. I loved that. You have a good sense of pacing. Well done. Thank you! I’d forgotten how much I love to write. I’ve spent too long working on essays action outside writing (english testing, whole ‘nother story). I’m beginning to remember…

I like the review proposal, name Miss Abramowitz. Don’t know if that part was fiction or not, but there’s nothing like a good name to set scene. Actually, didn’t want to essays on football use her real name, so the name is fiction. The rest is pretty right on. I looked at the crowd and gulped. I can’t do this. Not with all these people looking at review proposal, me, expecting me to mess up. At least, that’s what I thought I was doing. Voice cracked. Yikes. I forget a dance step and I, basically, look like I wasn’t meant to be here.

I have always been into arts; writing, singing, and drawing, particularly. The problem was that I NEVER revealed my talent to anyone but my brother, unless I was going under a fake name. (You see now why my name is Puffy?) When I was 9, I was already so good in writing that people assumed I was an adult. At that same age, I made my cousins–most of them around twenty or above–taste losing as I beat them in countless drawing contests. So I decided to work on my singing. I loved singing in the shower, and my parents told me I had a fantastic voice. I was supposed to budget education sing “This is Me” in a talent show for my school’s Christmas party.

I practiced day and night, and sometimes I even fell asleep humming the song’s tune. It was the day of the party and I was dolled up in a sparkly red gown. Review In Research Proposal. I tried psyching myself up by rehearsing the song and dance again and again. Then everything went wrong. First of all, the girl singing directly before me sang the exact same song, and acknowledgments this time while playing the guitar and having her friend play the of literature in research proposal, keyboard. The applause was so loud, I think I can still hear it ringing in my ears. Second, my shoe broke, and since I had no spare ballet flats, I had to perform with a worn out shoe. Third, I always had terrible stage fright.

The moment I stepped on essay of reading story the stage, my heart sounded like it was playing heavy metal and I was sweating an ocean. I obviously didn’t win. I was so humiliated that I stopped singing altogether for a whole two weeks. But I didn’t let that stop me. With the help of my mom and my friends (they were all awesome cheerleaders), I started performing again. In Research Proposal. For the first few acts, I still had stage fright and I honestly expected everything to go wrong. However, things got better and better. At my last gig, I sang for 2 000 people and I didn’t break a sweat. Everyone was telling me how awesome I was. Some of my performances were chaotic, but who cares?

That’s middle school for you. I like the essays heroes, metaphor about the heart playing heavy metal. It fits right in with the review of literature, theme. Good job. This is semi-fictional, mostly non-fiction. I’ll let you figure out acknowledgments thesis, which parts are which. #128521; A month into seventh grade at Higson Jr.

High and I had. figured out the social strata of this upper class backwater. Moving from. apartment to flat to duplex throughout the sketchier neighborhoods of the city. made me street-wise and review in research world-weary. Oakdale was no different. My mom thought. she was doing better for essay on importance story us; a safer area, an actual house, a ‘good’ school district.

She didn’t know Oakdale was a regular Port Charles, just like that fictional. town on ‘General Hospital’, including the ubiquitous bottled blondes and. feathered bangs. And those were the sixth graders. Everyone had an angle, just. like in the city, but unlike the city they had the connected parents and money. to disguise it. Drugs, sex, backstabbing gossips that ruined reputations behind.

the braces, Izods and Farrah hair. Families had lived here for generations, and. even teachers played the game, favoring those they knew were the offspring of. power and money. Athletes were particularly sainted, and sexually attacking the opposing team’s cheer squad in their locker room was laughed off as boys being boys.

I guess they were supposed to handle it since they were eighth grade girls. Within thirty days I learned all this, as well as which. bathroom to avoid after third period, not to even act like you looked at Jim. Weller because his crazy cheerleader girlfriend Linda will threaten to in research beat you. down, although she probably never attempted anything that would possibly break. a nail, that you could get a joint from Mr. Hecht the art teacher and that all schools in the district had chocolate shake machines in. the cafeteria. What was an thesis unconnected poor kid from the city to do to break.

into this closed world? Get assigned to the school newspaper in journalism. class. That was the way to make a splash. I like the review of literature, street-wise humor with which this is written; humor that has a barb or two behind it, as unfolds nearer the end. Thesis. I would read a book about review of literature proposal, this school if the characters were developed . . . . Thanks, John. I may have to develop it. Budget Affecting. There’s a lot of material to work with, fortunately or unfortunately, depending how you look at of literature in research proposal, it. #128521; It is the spring of 1969.

Today the teacher of my all-white ninth-grade English class has an unusual assignment. Essay About Language And Communication. In her no-nonsense manner, so that we could not but realize she was utterly serious, Miss Kirk says, “Take out of literature proposal, a sheet of paper, please, and write a short essay, one to budget two paragraphs, completing the following sentence: ‘If I were black . . . ‘ .” There are three black students in my school, all siblings, two brothers and of literature a sister; the older brother, who is in about and communication my grade, is far and of literature in research away THE star of the football team, faster and on importance of reading books bigger than any white boy and able to block and to run away with that ball; no one else can touch him. The other brother and sister are both younger than me. This is the review, extent of my personal knowledge of black people to this point in my life. I stare at the blank notebook paper in front of me. On the race question, all I can think of are generalities that came out sounding like the moralism I hear every Sunday in church. I pick up my pen and slowly begin forcing out the words. The worst is yet to come: Miss Kirk’s next step is to collect our responses and read them out essays on football injuries, loud to the entire class. My cheeks burn with surprised embarassment when I hear my own words in her voice: “If I were black, I would be striving to . . .”.

I instinctively cringe at review proposal, my own fatuous patronization, though I don’t yet know these words that describe what I’ve written today. But then I am absolutely stunned when Miss Kirk quotes a student from another class as having written: “If I were black . . . if I were black — I can’t think of anything more horrible.” I can sense the immediacy and emotional honesty in those words, though I’d never admit it. But the expresssion is just too jarring to the comfortable view of things I nervously try to essay of reading maintain, and at that very moment, an image of the segregated graveyard where they buried my grandpa three years ago rises in of literature proposal my mind. The small “black” section is separated from the arthritis, nearest “white” graves by the width of the road you drive on, and is distinguishable by the rough, irregular, smallish sandstone markers, long flat rocks simply rounded on one end, turned on edge and driven into the ground, with perhaps a pair of initials crudely but deeply scratched into of literature proposal, the rock, designating the final resting places of the budget cuts education, remains of African-Americans, slave or slave-descended. Whereas, of in research, course, nearly all of the white people’s headstones are examples of the finest work of their day in marble or granite or dark heavy metal, with full names, birth and death dates, epitaphs, depictions of angels or patriarchs or lambs all expertly engraved or stamped on them.

Sitting in that warm and essay on importance story close classroom, I immediately and impatiently push the image back down again. The rest of the period will be one for staring out the open window and wishing I was riding my bike. I am simply not ready for the horror. that was both well written and thought provoking IMO John. Thank you very much Marianne! I really like how the of literature in research, use of present tense places me in that room with the narrator. I feel the discomfort. Nicely done.

Thank you! I find that the immediacy of the present tense often works really well for me. This was excellent. You transported me to that classroom and I am shifting in my seat, trying to forget the whole thing. Very real and visceral.

First person POV fits this very well. Thank you, Kristin, for your very encouraging words! I apprciate them very much. I am a new joinee in your community. I want to write about the memories of my school days while I was passing by the highways after 13 years.

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25 Reasons You Should Brush Your Teeth. Proposal? Posted by David Pegg, Updated on April 7, 2014. Okay, so it’s pretty obvious that if you don’t brush you’ll probably lose your teeth, but by the time you get to the bottom of this list you’ll see that brushing twice a day can potentially save you much more than a couple hundred bucks on thesis about, a cheap pair of dentures. Review? It can save you tens of injuries, thousands of dollars in of literature, health care over the course of your lifetime and potentially save your life as well. While we know it sounds obvious we just wanted to essays, be clear, your mouth smells bad because of bacteria and chewing gum does not kill bacteria. At least not to any significant extent. Caused by plaque build up on your teeth Gingivitis often leads to swollen gums that bleed when you brush them. Ironically, there is only one way to prevent this…to brush them.

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This means that when something as critical as your mouth becomes infested with harmful bacteria (as it would when you have gingivitis or periodontitis) it will inevitably affect the thesis about arthritis rest of your body. Take this as an example… Coined in the trenches of Word War 1 where it afflicted many soldiers, this is in research essentially an extreme form of gingivitis. Your mouth becomes so overrun with bacteria that they often spread into injuries, your cheeks, lips and jaw bones. This however, is just the beginning. If your gums are bleeding and your mouth is overflowing with plaque and bacteria, it will eventually make its way into review of literature, your bloodstream. Unfortunately this means that it will inevitably pass through your heart, and on importance story, plague in your heart is never a good thing. Besides causing heart attacks though, this rogue bacteria can also lead to… In a mechanism very similar to what happens in the heart, the bacteria can also spread through the blood stream and into your brain. So, not only can it increase you chances of review of literature in research proposal, having a stroke but it can also lead to… Poor gum health increases your risk of cuts affecting, developing dementia by almost 30% to 40%. Review In Research Proposal? There are several theories about the exact mechanism but hopefully you can see the correlation. Essay About Language And Communication? Remember to review of literature proposal, brush your teeth and it will help you remember everything else as well. Yes, we know that this is a form of thesis, dementia, but just in case anybody reading this wasn’t sufficiently scared into review in research, brushing by essays injuries everything above, we thought we should throw this one in for good measure.

Evidently those same bacteria that can destroy your heart and brain are also capable of in research, decreasing the effectiveness of the insulin in your bloodstream. Eventually this will lead to difficulty in controlling your body’s blood sugar and essays injuries, then, at the end of the day, to an increased risk of type II diabetes. So apart from that nasty, mouth dwelling bacteria seeping into your bloodstream and slowly contributing to the death of your vital organs, there is another mechanism by review in research proposal which they can be swept deeper into your body…inhalation. As soon as those fine droplets from about arthritis your mouth settle into of literature in research proposal, your lungs they can easily start causing problems and bronchitis is only the injuries beginning. Review In Research Proposal? Smoking is bad for language and communication, you but smoking and not brushing your teeth is review of literature bad for you. It’s not just the budget cuts affecting smoke in your lungs that can cause Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, but also the tobacco destroying your gums. Like a double edged sword it increases your chances of having COPD twofold. Even if you don’t smoke, that bacteria in your mouth can still lead to some nasty consequences. Just like with bronchitis and COPD, it has also been known to cause pneumonia. But apart from not breathing, there are still a couple other things that failing to brush your teeth can cause. Review Proposal? Something like… People with gum disease are 8 times more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis.

Apparently the bacteria from your gums produces proteins that induce a reaction from your immune system which at the end of the day leads to some serious joint issues. Story? As bad as it is to have your own body attacked by bacteria, if you are an expectant mother, there is another body that you should be concerned about. Review? The bacterial infection can actually be passed to your child and cause problems with delivery. Not only that, but many times after delivery the baby’s have a… Antibodies to the bacterial infection in the mother have been found in the umbilical cord and placental blood of the baby after delivery. Not only does this mean complications at budget affecting higher, birth, but it can lead to review of literature in research proposal, numerous other issues as well. Unfortunately however, due to about, hormonal changes, pregnant women are more prone to gum disease. Of Literature Proposal? So, now that you are sufficiently petrified of the bacteria living in your mouth, how can all of these things be prevented? Well, the good news is that it’s not really a big secret, but the bad news is essay about and communication that you have to admit your mother was right. Let’s start with the basics… Studies have suggested that people, on average, spend about 1 minute brushing their teeth. This generally removes only about 60% of the in research plague.

We know, however, that because you are not an average person, you always brush for two minutes thereby removing 120% of the plague (just kidding, save the budget higher education nerdy comments, we know it’s not possible). But seriously, stick it out and don’t forget to… Brushing without flossing is of literature in research like jumping out of a plane without a parachute. Language? Sure, it’ll save you a little bit of time, but in review in research, the end you die. Okay, it was a bit of a slant, but you get the point. Although your brush can clean the exposed surfaces of action heroes, your teeth, much of the in research proposal plaque buildup occurs between them. Your teeth compose only about 20% of your mouth, so even after brushing and flossing there’s still a good amount of bacteria on your tongue, gums, and even your saliva.

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Let’s just be clear – you can’t be fresh when your mouth is full of essays on football, lethal, heart-stopping bacteria. So, before you do anything else, go scrub those pearly whites. Then, come back and review in research, watch the 25 greatest Fresh Prince of Bel-Air moments ever. Learn from the master. SEE ALSO: 25 Of The Most Difficult Languages To Learn In The World NOW WATCH: 25 Abbreviations And Acronyms You've Always Wondered About. List25 compiles lesser-known intriguing information on acknowledgments, variety of subjects. List25 was started by Syed Balkhi in 2011. The main prupose of this site is to be educational while entertaining at the same time. It's 25 because we don't like top 10 lists.

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Caring For Elderly Essay Essays and Research Papers. Caring for Our Elderly Caring for Our Elderly It is review of literature in research estimated that the number of Americans over . the essay on importance of reading story books age of of literature sixty five years old will multiply times four in injuries, the next thirty years. Proposal! With this being said many of on female action heroes us will be faced with providing care for our loved ones ( Elderly Caregiving, n.d.). The current research studies completed in geriatric studies indicate that currently family members are providing approximately eighty two percent of the care for review of literature in research proposal their elderly family member. Generally. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1322 Words | 4 Pages. Caring for the Elderly and Their Views on injuries, Aging. Caring for the Elderly and their Views on Aging Kesha Edwards ECPI University Nursing 111 Mrs. Shaffer June 8th, 2012 . The purpose of this report is to investigate the ageing and life of Ms. Rose Brown, who happens to be one of my residents at review the nursing home I am currently employed at; how she feels about ageing in today’s society, and essays injuries also what she has learned and what she would have done differently.

She is 67 years-old, and lives by herself. With this report, I intend to learn about. Ageing , Death , Gerontology 954 Words | 3 Pages. ?SOCI 1015EL 10 Understanding Society Essay Two November 21, 2014 Elder Abuse In its most basic sense, elder abuse is review proposal harm to essays action, an older . adult. Review In Research! The World Health Organization defined abuse and affecting higher neglect of in research proposal older adults as: “…single or repeated acts, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within a relationship where there is an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to an older person.” Sadly, elder abuse is prevalent in our society and while elderly abuse may not be a new phenomenon, it. Abuse , Bullying , Child abuse 1475 Words | 6 Pages. Elderly Drivers Informational Essay. Informational Essay Currently there is an language, extremely important issue that the review of literature public should understand more about due to its enormous impact . on many citizens.

This issue pertains to the safety concern surrounding the elderly while operating a motor vehicle past the thesis age of 70 years old. Review! This debate whether old people should be allowed to drive is often brought up by younger drivers, the reality is essays on football that all able bodied people who are physically and mentally healthy should be able to drive but. Ageing , Death , Elderly care 1188 Words | 4 Pages. Caring for review in research proposal the Elderly Write a speech entitled 'Responsibility of a Caring Society towards the . Elderly '. Good morning ladies and budget cuts affecting education gentlemen. In conjunction with Senior Citizens Day, I would like to give a speech entitled 'Responsibility of a Caring Society Towards the Elderly .' Better living standards and health facilities together with sound development planning has resulted in longer lifespan. Recent population census indicate that the review of literature average life expectancy of the essay average Malaysian is of literature in research 75. Ageing , Aging , Elderly care 361 Words | 2 Pages. ? CARING FOR ELDERLY Everyone has already heard of the infamous quote . Essay! , We often forget that while we are growing up , our parents our growing old too. , but still choose to ignore it. In a country like India , also known as the 'ageing India' , where anyone above sixty or sixty-five is considered to be elderly , which consumes 54.77% of the in research proposal population , out of which 70% are economically dependent and only 31% reside in urban areas being. Ageing , Elderly care , Gerontology 482 Words | 1 Pages. On Caring The metaphor of caring is the cautiously attentiveness carefulness of mindfulness of supervising of strangers.

The . metaphor of caring if the trust, professional, mutual respect, caring , partnership the injuries giving of self to of literature in research proposal, others to regain their trust for us to do our duty as a registered nurse to thesis arthritis, provide for our own survival while hoping to get a flow of a great amount of people at review in research proposal risk of their survival for us not to be sent home for not being busy with, dying, sick, patients is to truly. Bachelor of Science in Nursing , Florence Nightingale , Healthcare occupations 1497 Words | 4 Pages. To the Elderly , It has come to my attention that retirement for essay language the elderly has become more than the review proposal aged merely going into a . metaphoric hibernation, to rest after the struggles of life, no, retirement has turned into more than just a time of rest. Retirement has become an imprisonment for you our respected and dearly beloved forefathers. Retirement has and is turning you energetic, happy, dandy elderly into sluggish, boring, irksome, golf playing couch potatoes. This is a large concern to our. Ageing , Death , Elderly care 1006 Words | 3 Pages. Top Ten Problems the budget cuts education Elderly Face With Transportation Add to my favorites Print Jan 17, 2011 | By Walt Pickut Top Ten Problems the review proposal . Essays Injuries! Elderly Face With Transportation Photo Credit Jupiterimages/BananaStock/Getty Images You might be called elderly if you are older than 60, by some definitions, and of literature proposal your physical abilities might start limiting your freedom to go where you want to essays heroes, go when you want to go there. For instance, according to a 2011 report by review in research proposal, statisticians at Caregivers Library, there. Ageing , Bus , Elderly care 651 Words | 3 Pages. for the Homeless 2201 P Street, NW Washington, DC 20037-1033 http://www.nationalhomeless.org Tel.

202-462-4822 Fax. 202-462-4823 Email. . info@nationalhomeless.org Homelessness Among Elderly Persons Published by the National Coalition for the Homeless, September 2009. When thinking about essays action, homelessness, the elderly people issue doesn’t immediately come to our mind. Review Of Literature Proposal! Homeless elders, although increasing in numbers, continue to be a forgotten population. Essay Books! The poverty rate in proposal, 2008 (13.2 percent) was the. Ageing , Death , Elderly care 1607 Words | 5 Pages. yourself What concept am I interested in? There are endless possibilities of essay on importance books concepts that loan themselves to analysis. For your paper in this course we . are going to keep it simple. You can choose one of the following four concepts for your paper: caring , hope, trust or fear. 2. Determine the aim or purpose of the analysis.

Ask yourself Why am I doing this? The answer may be something similar to clarifying meanings, developing an operational definition, or may be as simple as “I have to…” 3. Identify. Concept , Concepts , Idea 1293 Words | 4 Pages. caring for the elderly L3 unit safeguarding of review in research proposal vulnerble adults. the elderly and disabled are more at risk of about and communication this as they may not understand what is proposal happing or be able to defend themselves. physical abuse . can be caused in many different ways such as: * Biting * Hitting * Punching * Restraint * Slapping * Pushing * Misuse of essay and communication Medicines * Inappropriate sanctions These are the most common ways of review of literature in research proposal physical abuse . the main signs of abuse are: * lacerations * dislocations * bruising * fractures * finger prints If you are caring for. Abuse , Bruise , Bullying 1423 Words | 6 Pages. Honor Thy Father and Mother: an of reading story, Essay Concerning the Condition of Elderly Care in the United States. Jason Brown English 101: Personal Narrative Essay Serptember 4, 2013 Honor Thy Father and proposal Mother: An Essay Concerning the on importance of reading story books . Condition of Elderly Care in review of literature in research, the United States In the world we live in, we grow up and get older. It's a sad and affecting higher simple fact that we can't be young forever. When we are growing up, we are cared for review proposal by our parents, relatives, and many more people. They care for education us because at that point in our lives, we didn't know how to take care of of literature ourselves.

As we grew older we learned. Abuse , Elderly care , Geriatrics 1312 Words | 4 Pages. Care for of reading story books the Elderly The greatest challenge for review of literature health care is for the Elderly . On Female! The elderly population has . been rising steadily for the past few decades. The elderly population is review of literature in research usually defined as people aged 65 years or above. However, a longer life span in thesis about, the elderly population brings along poorer health. In Research! This involves an increased demand for health care services for elderly people. About two-thirds of the elderly population has limited or no monthly income and this generation will have. Ageing , Ageism , Aging 1089 Words | 3 Pages. ? Mayeroff’s Major Ingredients of Caring Related to on football, Coaching Soccer This essay explains how Milton Mayeroff’s . “Major Ingredients of Caring ,” in his book, On Caring , relates to in research proposal, coaching soccer. There are eight “ingredients” that Mayeroff discusses in on football, his book that all relate to becoming a successful coach.

If a coach anaylzes and considers each ingredient, he can deeply develop his skill as a caring trainer and guide of the players in in research proposal, his charge. Mayeroff’s basic principle is that. Association football , Association football terminology , Corner kick 1699 Words | 5 Pages. Depression in the Elderly Depression later in life frequently coexists with other medical illnesses and disabilities. In addition, . advancing age is often accompanied by loss of essays key social support systems due to the death of a spouse or siblings, retirement, and/or relocation of residence. Because of their change in review in research, circumstances and the fact that they're expected to slow down, doctors and thesis about arthritis family may miss the diagnosis of of literature in research proposal depression in elderly people, delaying effective treatment. Acknowledgments Thesis! As a result. Death , Electroconvulsive therapy , Gerontology 1245 Words | 4 Pages. ? Parole For The Elderly CJHS/430 Evelyn Diaz 12/08/14 Tina Sebring Paroling the elderly and sick could be the . best way to deal with the cost and overcrowding of he prisons. There is a large number of inmates who are elderly and in research proposal have served half their sentence or more.

Even though this is a good idea there are many factors that need to be taken into budget education consideration. The most important of these factors is community safety. In this paper, we will discuss the arguments for and against keeping. Corrections , Criminal justice , Health care 1147 Words | 5 Pages. ? Elderly Abuse Name California State University of in research Sacramento Lifespan stage and language counseling-related problems. As part of of literature being a . human being, we are born and we grow old as time passes and then we die as life comes to an end. Language And Communication! Part of human development is the stage of late adulthood. From the review proposal book “Human Behavior in the Social Environment,” by Jose B. Ashford and Craig Winston LeCroy, the years from age sixty until death are considered late adulthood. At this stage of life, there are. Abuse , Ageing , Ageism 2036 Words | 9 Pages.

2008). The fundamental basis to higher education, nursing is caring , which is defined as “to feel interested or concerned by” (Hawkins J. et. al. (2003)). . Within the nursing profession caring , or care is a much more detailed process, it incorporates knowing, the review way in education, which we understand and perceive the world, and knowledge, referring to what is taken to be accurate and review proposal evidence based (Chinn p. and Kramer M. 1999). The article will explore how we came from the caring of Florence Nightingale, to the science of. Florence Nightingale , Health , Health care 1636 Words | 5 Pages. ? Elderly Abuse and Neglect When discussing abuse and neglect we often think of children first.

That being said, children are not the about . only ones who will be abused and/or neglected. In fact, this happens to of literature in research, some elderly as well. While some elderly may be productive enough to essay about language and communication, care for themselves, others are not. In Research Proposal! The end result is a complete (or close to complete) dependency on someone else for their needs. In addition, just like with children, this dependency can lead to abuse and/or neglect. Abuse , Child abuse , Elder abuse 1391 Words | 4 Pages. slaves from thesis arthritis, other procurers and then resells them. He is a ruthless killer, killing his own kin without having second thought. He chooses to sell slaves in . Review! order to save his own skin from becoming enslaved.

Amoo, on essay story, the other hand, is review proposal a kind and thesis caring human being. Yes, he may have helped Momutu with slave trading, and of literature he may have killed other humans, but he does so in of reading books, order to save his daughter, Iome, from becoming enslaved. He risks his own life to save his daughters life. “Tribal Scars” by. African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages. Communication strategies police can use with the elderly. (2002) defines elderly as 'past middle age', and the term middle aged is described as 'the time of human life between youth and review of literature old age, . Budget Affecting! usually reckoned as the years between 40 and 60', (Dictonary.com, 2005). From these definitions, an of literature in research, elderly person is someone who is over the age of 60. This age group accounts for around 2.5 million people, which is over essays injuries, 12.8% of Australia's population. Review Of Literature! (Photius Coutsoukis, 2004) This essay will outline the majority of budget problems that the review elderly have and will describe. Audiogram , Communication , Deaf culture 1717 Words | 6 Pages.

As we all know, one of the global issues, ageing population has affected the worldwide and are known to increase within the next few decades. This . essay will analyse the impact of arthritis ageing population where it is one of the main impacts of global issues in the 21st century today which have influences on not only socially and economically but also politically as well from the Ministry of Health. In addition, the ageing population have effects from different perspectives such as towards the New Zealand. Ageing , Aging , Demography 1905 Words | 5 Pages. networks Daily This discussion focuses on three models of healthcare in today’s society and the different aspects of longterm care for the . Review! elderly . A healthcare model is ………… Three popular healthcare models are 1._______2._______3.________. Positive aspects concerning all three models are 1._______2._______3.________. State how each model helps the elderly with long term care: increase functionality, promoting health, proper ways of identifying risk factor “studies have found a strong relationship. Centers for Medicare and thesis Medicaid Services , Health care , Health insurance 953 Words | 4 Pages. A Study of Nurse Caring Megan McMahon University of Illinois at Chicago A Study of review Nurse Caring Although there are many . common themes in on football injuries, both nursing practice and nursing theory, the review proposal concept of caring in nursing may be the most central theme of them all. In nursing, the one word ‘ caring ’ can both refer to thesis, the verb meaning ‘the action of carrying out the interventions and needs of a patient’, or the emotion or feeling of empathy and/or the altruism that puts the patient’s best interests first. Family centered care , Florence Nightingale , Nurse 1375 Words | 2 Pages.

Caring for of literature in research proposal the Elderly Amy Cobb, RN. Western Governors University Abstract Providing appropriate discharge . planning for an elderly patient can often require a collaborative approach. Elderly patients often require help with newly prescribed medications, meal planning and transportation. This paper will describe several issues that healthcare providers must address when discharging an elderly patient who recently had surgery. Caring for the Elderly Elderly. Aging in place , Assisted living , Corticosteroid 2206 Words | 7 Pages. The Elderly, a Vulnerable Population. The Elderly , a vulnerable population Nina Brown BSHS 301 Introduction to Human Services September 20, 2011 University of essay about language Phoenix . Alberto Reynoso The Elderly , a vulnerable population Many segments of the population can fall prey to the abuses of proposal others, it can be physical, mental, sexual, and even financial; the elderly are a vulnerable group. The elderly can be susceptible to influences that can be devastating to their well- being.

Abuse , Child abuse , Domestic violence 1465 Words | 4 Pages. Assessment: The Impact of falls in the Elderly Grand Canyon University: NRV433V-1030 Date: November 01, 20013 Falls . and thesis about arthritis its related injuries is alarming problem with the elderly population that needed prompt attention of authorities and society, impact on the elderly population is serious. In the article many aspect of review falls and its impact in the elderly population is studied. It is thesis arthritis important to reduce the of literature associated risk factors of falls in the elderly . Falls continued to be the essays on football major. Demography , Life expectancy , Mortality rate 1005 Words | 3 Pages. HEALTH STATUS OF THE ELDERLY IN SELECTED BARANGAYS OF THE CITY OF VIGAN. ?HEALTH STATUS OF THE ELDERLY IN SELECTED BARANGAYS OF THE CITY OF VIGAN: DIMENSIONS AND CORRELATES Introduction Older adults . in our society are stereotyped.

Aging is a natural process, but the changes associated with it are rarely viewed as natural or positive. Healthcare professionals commonly describe such changes as “losses” such as a loss of tissue elasticity or decrease in blood flow. In general, our society regards aging as a series of inevitable, negative events that a person. Ageing , Elderly care , Gerontology 969 Words | 2 Pages. ? Abuse Where We Least Expect it: A look into the Hidden Lives of Nursing Homes Composition II Wednesday 2 pm – 5:40 pm Professor . Ill Brittany Guilfoil Baker College Cass City Position Statement: Elderly family members are not any better off at a long-term care facility where they are often mistreated and neglected. I. Introduction A. Attention Grabber: Close your eyes imagine yourselves fifty years from review of literature in research proposal, today: Your family decides to leave you to your peace in.

Abuse , Activities of daily living , Care of residents 1520 Words | 7 Pages. WRITTEN RESPONSE This essay aims to acknowledgments thesis, represent an argument between two view points: to remain in their own homes with ongoing support . from families and the health system or going to residential aged care of elderly in Australia. Especially, it deals with the issue of review increasing ageing population in Australia includes statistical information highlighting some causes and on importance of reading books telltales. The context presented is economic and social. It also looks at the effects that increasing of the ageing population.

Ageing , Elderly care , Geriatrics 1915 Words | 5 Pages. Elderly need care, not neglect and indifference. PHYSICALLY, the elderly are not longer as able and agile as the young. To most old people, walking can be an ordeal – and crossing the road . is even more difficult without help. While it is review of literature in research proposal already hard for most of the aged to get to the other side of a busy road that has no pedestrian crossing, what is even sadder is that motorists seldom stop for them. Old people whose sense of judgement is impaired through ageing, are frequently run over on the road. They can no longer handle heavy traffic. Ageing , Ageism , Gerontology 838 Words | 3 Pages. Elderly in American and Vietnamese Culture.

may sound a little dramatic but is it true that American elderly is not well treated? In this paper, I aim to discuss about the acknowledgments American and . In Research Proposal! Vietnamese society’s treatment of elderly . Moreover, I also suggest some explanations for the differences between the ways two cultures treat its old people. First of cuts all, the of literature in research proposal strength of the America is: living condition. The developed economy and technology have brought many benefits to the elderly . Old American people live quite comfortably; they don’t have. Ageing , Ageism , Elderly care 1810 Words | 5 Pages. attack of a cold spell at the same year.

It was the first charitable institution offering emergency link service to the elderly in Hong Kong. . Making use of innovative technology and personalized service, the association aims to create a quality living environment for thesis arthritis the seniors by the operating as a self-financed social enterprise. Situation Analysis Industry Trend : The elderly -care-service industry is on a favourable growth trend. With the aging population5, the market size of customers will. Guangzhou , Hong Kong , Macau 928 Words | 4 Pages. Social Inequality in of literature in research proposal, Elderly Americans. Social Inequality in Elderly Americans Elderly people (women and men age sixty-five or older) (Macionis, 2005), Have many . obstacles to face as they grow older, many of these obstacles involve social inequality.

Not only budget cuts do the review of literature elderly have to learn to deal with many forms of Ageism (the stereotyping and prejudice against individuals or groups because of their age), some also have to deal with the fact that they do not have enough savings or pension benefits to be self supporting, for most people. Abuse , Ageing , Ageism 1105 Words | 3 Pages. Jean Watson's Theory of Caring Jean Watson's Theory of Caring Dr. On Football Injuries! Jean Watson developed a theory of human . caring that has become essential in review of literature in research, nursing. Caring is at the core of nursing and is vital in providing positive patient outcomes. Watson’s theory of thesis arthritis caring can be applied to patient situation and his or her environment. She based her theory upon human caring relationships and experiences of human life.

She acknowledges a caring relationship and a caring environment preserve human dignity. Health , Health care , Human 1918 Words | 5 Pages. Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia) experience some form of abuse. Review Proposal! 10. While 91 percent of federal abuse prevention dollars are spent on child . abuse, 7 percent is essays heroes spent on domestic abuse, and only 2 percent goes towards protecting the elderly . 11. Legislatures in all 50 states have passed some type of elder abuse law. Review Of Literature In Research! Types Although there are common themes of elder abuse across nations, there are also unique manifestations based upon thesis about history, culture, economic strength, and societal. Abuse , Child abuse , Domestic violence 960 Words | 3 Pages. ? Dealing with Dementia in of literature in research proposal, the Elderly Danaya Gilchrist Touro College of Applied Studies General Survey of Mental Health (GHU . 140) Professor Wyatt April 29th, 2014 Abstract Dementia is thesis a scary disease for the elderly to deal with it. It changes their lives and who they are.

Dementia affects the daily living activities of people who are dealing with it; a person who is living with dementia can no longer do anything for themselves or live their lives the way that they want to. Alois Alzheimer , Alzheimer's disease , Brain 1810 Words | 9 Pages. ? Parole for the Elderly Students Name CJHS/430 Date Instructor Solitary confinement of review of literature prisoners exists under a scope of . names: confinement, control units, supermaxim jails, the gap, regulatory isolation, greatest security, or changeless lockdown. Detainees can be sent to any of these units for acknowledgments thesis many reasons: for disciplinary reasons even though while they are under scrutiny; as a component for conduct change, when associated with posse contribution; as reprisal for political activism;. Compassionate release , Criminal justice , Criminal law 1511 Words | 8 Pages. Elderly as a Vulnerable Population.

Elderly as a Vulnerable Population According to the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2002), vulnerability is the ability to “Be . easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced or attacked.” At any given time, anyone can become vulnerable. Demographically, the in research proposal nature of society is changing. The population of thesis older people is dramatically increasing. The U.S Census Bureau states that the population of review of literature in research proposal people greater than 65 is projected to double by the year. Ageing , Aging , Alzheimer's disease 1281 Words | 7 Pages. Watson's Theory of Human Caring Carmen Martinez NUR403 Aug 8th, 2013 Gail Williams Watson's Theory of Human Caring . Background and and communication major concepts of Watson’s Theory of Human Caring Dr. Jean Watson is considered a theorist, a philosopher, and of literature in research proposal a healer. She directed her life works to the science of human caring and proposed a new and innovative approach to the nurse-patient interaction. Dr. Watson resumed her life career as “devoted to the phenomena of human caring , and inner subjective feelings. Health , Health care , Human 1597 Words | 5 Pages.

influence us to essay on importance story, create a good environment of learning and I hope we will work hand by hand on this campaign to make it sucess as the saying goes many hand . make a light work. p/s:This essay are made up by all my classmates.With this sharing,i hope you guys will get some idea for essay writing. Review Of Literature In Research! SHARING IS CARING . Essay! :). Classroom , Education , Learning 796 Words | 3 Pages. and the review of literature unique problems that elderly prisoners face while incarcerated and subsequent to release” (Stojkovic, 2007, pg. 98). Incarceration of . elderly criminals is a highly debated topic in criminal justice. The definition of elderly criminal in this case will be a person 60 years or older that commits a criminal offense. This is not a new topic; however, there is not a lot of research conducted on elderly offenders. There are many arguments as to whether these elderly criminals should be treated. Ageing , Crime , Criminology 2560 Words | 7 Pages. Elderly in budget cuts affecting education, the Netherlands Writing on review of literature in research, Topics 5/21/2012 Elderly in the Netherlands Nowadays, the . Cuts Affecting! elderly is a serious issue around the world; nearly all industrial countries are facing enormous pressure about the coming of aging society.

As one of the most advanced countries in the world, how about the review of literature in research situation of elderly in the Netherlands ? Can Dutch society provide the best care to the Baby Boomer? Aging society, the Netherlands is on the way “For the thesis Netherlands. Ageing , Aging , Death 1471 Words | 5 Pages. Psychology III-3 Did respect for the elderly stopped? ABSTRACT The experiment focuses on the recent study by review of literature in research, Professor Luke Gormally about . the dignity and respect for the elderly . This study aims to essays on female heroes, know about the prudence and care of the teenagers in elderly people. This will determine whether prudence of review of literature proposal younger female and male is still manifest in our society. The researcher used field observation. And the result was the male still has the prudence to help elderly people. Injuries! INTROCUCTION One of the. 653 Words | 3 Pages. Epidemiology in the Elderly with Heart Disease.

Epidemiology in the Elderly with Heart Disease Epidemiology in the Elderly with Heart Disease Public health . promotes healthy living for each community through epidemiology. Disease prevention and control is the of literature in research common goal of epidemiology, nursing practice, and public health. “Epidemiology is the study of the population in order to thesis about arthritis, monitor the health of the population, understand the determinants of health and disease in the community, and investigate and evaluate interventions. Coronary artery disease , Disease , Epidemiology 1769 Words | 5 Pages. Examination Of Caring The purpose of this paper is to discuss the concept of in research proposal “ CARING ” and to describe experiences and . observations of caring and to describe experiences and observations of caring in the professional nurse. Essay About And Communication! Caring is present in review in research proposal, all aspects of nursing and is used to improve holistic needs of the individual person, family, and community.

Caring is used in many ways and have many definitions. Caring is a state of mind in which one is troubled, worry, anxiety, or concern. On Female! It is. Florence Nightingale , Nonverbal communication , Nurse 931 Words | 3 Pages. on Sexuality of elderly sexuality Human sexuality means the ways in review in research proposal, which people experience and essay about express themselves as sexual beings (Rathus et . al., 2010).Sex is part of review of literature human life, it is a common sense that people normally concern sex since adolescence, but there is no absolute answer for, when sex should be terminated in human life. During the education Cho Yiu Chuen’s elderly interview, I saw an review of literature in research, adult magazine on an old man’s bed; it triggered me to concern about the affecting sexual need of elderly . Literature review . Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality , Orgasm 1932 Words | 6 Pages. Should Elderly Live in Old Folks' Home? 3. “ The elderly should live in old folks’ home. ” Give your opinion.

You should write at least 350 words, illustrate your opinion with . examples. Caring for the aged has recently been one of the main concerns among many individuals in in research proposal, today’s society. More and more individuals are choosing to acknowledgments, send their elderly parents to old folks’ homes instead of living under the same roof as them. Of Literature In Research Proposal! The debate has heated among the community today. There are people that agreed to this statement as well as opposed. Ageing , Geriatrics , Gerontology 911 Words | 3 Pages. Medical Care for the Elderly Population. early medical screening for serious diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and strokes, and essay on importance books COPD. Review In Research Proposal! These diseases can cause . severe disabilities and even death.

If the risk factors can be identified early, then the elderly person can begin a medication regime or a treatment quickly. Higher Education! Patient populations should be identified and health education about the importance of health care screening should begin. Portable health care centers should be set up at of literature proposal key locations. Elderly care , Geriatrics , Health 936 Words | 7 Pages. I decided to write my paper on on football injuries, elderly nutrition.

I have chosen this topic because I believe nutrition is of literature important at essays on football injuries all ages now, . especially in of literature in research, those of the elderly . Fattening foods are around more now than ever, so the and communication problem of review of literature obesity is on football getting out of review proposal control. Obesity as we all know causes heart attacks and other such medical problems. Budget Cuts Affecting Education! People are not noticing the problem anymore until the of literature in research proposal worst happens. Everyone thinks that heart disease always happens to someone else, until. Ageing , Death , Food 1714 Words | 6 Pages. ?Elderly Care in America: A Closer Look by Culture. ? Elderly Care in America: A Closer Look by Culture Elderly Care in on importance books, America: A Closer Look by in research proposal, Culture . While Elder Abuse is common in all three cultures, Ethnic variations in caregiving exist in Elderly care. Even though there are common themes among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanic elderly care, each culture deals with it in cuts higher education, different ways. Each culture approaches caregiving for the elderly with dementia differently. There are cultural variations in the uses of formal services. African American , Culture , Family 1461 Words | 5 Pages.

Gambling Away: The Well-Being of the review in research proposal Elderly over Sixty Dominic J. Williams, Billy McCoy, Georgina Williams, Jessica 5-1-13 Dr. Janet Chang . SW 301A Cal State San Bernardino Certificate of thesis Authorship: As students of Cal State San Bernardino, we fully acknowledge that all work written is review in research proposal original set by of reading story, the standards of the University. We also give due credit to all references used to their original authors, and cited correctly according the review of literature in research proposal APA writing style. Student's signature. Addiction , Casino , Gambling 1417 Words | 4 Pages. characteristic that seems to be consistent through time is a nurse should be caring . Jean Watson incorporated a theory- The Theory of Human . Caring . Watson (2002) developed a theory in which nursing is centered around helping the patient achieve a higher degree of harmony within mind, body, soul, and this harmony is achieved through caring transactions involving a transpersonal caring relationship. On Football! According to Watson, caring consists of carative factors that result in the satisfaction of certain human. Family centered care , Human , Nurse 1817 Words | 4 Pages. NURSING AS CARING 1 Boykin and Schoenhofer: Theory of review Nursing as Caring NURSING AS CARING 2 . Introduction The theory of Nursing as Caring was developed by Anne Boykin and Sarvina Schoenhofer.

In the late 1980’s, the two were involved in research involving elements of about arthritis caring and the practical implications of caring elements when they discovered there was little to no research or literature in this area. Caring and review in research proposal its. Health care , Healthcare occupations , Nurse 1775 Words | 7 Pages. Ethical Challeges for the Elderly. Malinda Smith Instructor Mr. Curl Nursing 101 21 October 2009 ETHICAL CHALLENGES FOR THE ELDERLY When patient problems . arise in the nursing profession, our knowledge and education usually help us find the heroes obvious and correct solution.

There are, however, situations that arise where the review of literature in research correct choice is not readily apparent. These situations are difficult enough to handle when the patient is young and able to understand what’s going. As the essay patient ages, she’s less able to assist. Decision making , Ethics , Hippocratic Oath 1604 Words | 5 Pages. Should Healthcare For The Elderly Be Limited? HSM 501 Ethics in Healthcare Jose Joe Rodriguez . Our healthcare system in review of literature in research proposal, the United States is currently going through a massive change. For the past 4 years, our healthcare system has been dissected, analyzed, and restructured, with a single objective: Deliver better and more cost­effective care. The Affordable Care Act, which was enacted in 2010, promised to accelerate both the rate of change and level in essays on female, which we delivered care across this country (cms. Health care , Health care provider , Health care proxy 3597 Words | 12 Pages. cases, once the elderly are placed in nursing homes, they are forgotten about by the people who once cared for and loved them. This story is . played out on of literature proposal, a daily basis throughout the world.

Each year, thousands of seniors are neglected or abused by family members and caretakers. Cuts Affecting! This happens to elderly people who cannot meet their own basic needs; and are mostly, or totally dependent on review of literature in research proposal, the help of others for the most routine aspects of and communication life. Neglect and abuse of the elderly can take many. Abuse , Bullying , Child abuse 801 Words | 5 Pages. University Fall 2012 Seminar – EDU495 Article Critique -4- Caring Teachers: The Key to review of literature in research proposal, Student Learning Hajar Traiki A090095 . Abstract The following paper is a critique of an acknowledgments thesis, article written by Angela Lumpkin a professor at the University of Kansas and who has an interest in review of literature, teaching effectiveness.

The article “ Caring Teacher: The Key to Student Learning” that will be analyzed is about the characteristics of essays action heroes a caring teacher who can improve and review in research facilitate students’ learning. Teacher-students. Critical thinking , Education , History of education 1020 Words | 3 Pages. ? Elderly Driving There has been an increase of accidents caused by elderly drivers over the course of thesis about many years. With such . a dramatic increase, should elderly drivers have driving restrictions?

I believe that after the age of 75, seniors should have to retake their drivers test or have restrictions, regardless of review of literature their driving record. There is support for some restrictions on elderly drivers based on evidence that older drivers are more involved in essays injuries, traffic accidents than any age group except. Ageing , Death , Driver's license 1503 Words | 5 Pages.

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essay finding form Guide on How to Write University Essays, Courseworks, Assignments and Dissertations. First of all, essay must be well structured, organised, and presented in a way that the reader finds easy to follow and clear: it must look tidy and in research, not present any obstacles to the reader. Story Books! It must have a clear readable interesting style. But, above all, it must consist of your ideas about literary texts. This is the in research, centre of it: this, and essays on female heroes, this only, gets the marks. Review Of Literature Proposal! Not quotes from critics, not generalisations at second hand about on importance of reading story, literary history, not filling and padding; your thoughts, that you have had while in the act of proposal reading specific bits of literary texts, which can be adduced in the form of quotations to back up your arguments. You must make sure you read the essay task throughout and understand what exactly you need to do. It is thesis good to consult with your classmates and tutor before you start, to make sure you are on the correct path. This will also save you time.

When talking to your tutor ask him about review proposal, his own opinion on the topic: this is budget affecting THE MOST IMPORTANT PART. Write what he or she has said: this will be your guide. To get the good mark you should say whatever your tutor wants to of literature, hear. Make sure you read the LEARNING OUTCOMES before starting to write your work will be assessed against the learning outcomes, so it is in budget affecting higher, your interests to make sure that you deliver everything you are required to. Secondly, make sure you do some general read about the topic before you start writing. It is necessary, because it will give you ability to understand what exactly you need to know and do in your essay. You should at least read 2-5 pages from review of literature proposal, your core book. Thirdly, you need to collect at thesis about arthritis, least 5-10 good academic articles. You can find those on: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/rev , http://www.sciencedirect.com/science , http://www.infortrac.galegroup.com and other academic article databases. Review Of Literature! You will need your ATHENS login and essays injuries, password or university login and review in research, password (get from your library).

Please make sure the journals you select are ACADEMIC - not practitioners: for example you need the Journal of Marketing, not AdMap. Acknowledgments! Search the articles by keywords, which would be linked to your essay question. You can use AND, OR or NOT tools to find the in research, necessary information. It is also good to look at the references of the suitable article, which you have already found, because there references will lead you to the good sources. When you have found the articles (try to get as much as you can 20 articles for 2000 words essay will be brilliant) read their abstracts. Dont rush to about arthritis, print them you will not usually need all of them. By reading the abstract you will be able to select 5-8 articles, which are particularly suitable for you these articles you should print and review in research proposal, read. Good idea is to use the highlighter to mark the story, most important and relevant phrases. It is very important for of literature in research you to cuts affecting higher education, understand the task. Lots of in research proposal students are failing their assignments because they do not fully understand what they are being asked to do and arthritis, simply assume something (usually something they already know about :) It is now the time to start writing.

First of all get the main definitions (usually from your core book) written in the new Word Document. These are the of literature in research, basics. Now to need to move from these basics to the more complex things. Give some ground theory on general topic, and then move to details. You would not usually find too detailed information in your core book, so you can either (or better both) refer to acknowledgments thesis, some other book and use academic articles. You now need to review of literature proposal, ANALYSE the budget affecting education, information. For example, if your essay question is: how do marketing communications affect branding, you would need to find several opinions of different critics about in research, that. One might say there is essay on importance story no immediate effect, other may say that effect is huge, third will say that effect is review proposal positive and etc. you need to give the opinions and analyse them, compare them, critique them. Do not presume that everything you read is correct look at it from essay language, different point of view. Enrich your essay with examples: one company did that and the outcome was like that, but the second company, replicating the experience of the first one did the same, but the outcome was different.

The reason for review of literature in research proposal that was . Use proper referencing! Do not use somebody elses ideas! In UK Universities nowadays mainly Harvard Referencing is used. However the system of Harvard referencing is slightly different in every University (in terms of essays layout and presentation), therefore refer to your university guidelines. If you try to cheat and plagiarise tutor can through you out of University therefore it does not worth it. If you use somebodys words paraphrase them (giving the source at the end of paraphrase) of simply quote. Practice shows it is generally better if your essay on 80% consists of quotations then if you plagiarise. When you have finished print your essay (best font will be Times New Roman, 12 font, 1.5 space paragraph), get your pencil and read it out loud it will help you to find the grammatical and stylistically errors, weak arguments and room for improvement.

It is also good to show your essay to your friend to have a look you may not see some obvious mistakes. Ask your tutors to review in research, check your essay. In some cases they will refuse however you can and should persuade them. Tell them that you do not understand, that you are not sure whatever you can imagine. Some girls cry to get their essays checked J . Whatever your tutor said is wrong change. Lastly, before you submit it, make sure your essay is formatted correctly and presented in the solid form. The simplest thing is to thesis about, copy your whole essay (Ctrl+A) to the Notepad and then copy it from there to the new document. You would then make headings, subheadings, format it and make at least 1.5 spacing between the lines. Review In Research! Good presentation often counts to 10% of the mark you do not want to loose it!

Print your essay on the nice paper and try to hand it in at least 1 day before the deadline I know several students, which did not get their 1 st on the degree simply because of the late submissions! Everything might happen on the way so give you some time. Here are several general tips on essay-writing from Liverpool Hope University College. Identify what the essay question/ title is asking you to write about; check with friends or your tutor that you really understand the question. Divide the task into sub-tasks e.g. library search, planning, making notes, and draw up a timescale for completing these tasks. Brainstorm ideas and make an initial plan for your essay.

Search for and select appropriate information; read and injuries, make notes. Make first draft of of literature essay. Remember to include an introduction, a well sequenced middle and thesis arthritis, a conclusion. Remember your tutor has to be able to follow your argument, so put it in review of literature, a logical order. Essay On Importance Of Reading Story! Read your essay; alter parts you are not happy with; check spelling and in research proposal, grammar; check bibliography. Write final version, proof read. Complete essay self-evaluation form and about arthritis, submit on time. ( http://www.hope.ac.uk/gnu/stuhelp/essay.htm ). Please also have a look at the Favorite Links page for more information on review in research proposal how to write, structure and polish your essays. HOW TO ARGUE AND STRUCTURE AN ESSAY, IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES AND THE ARTS. The ‘raw’ information below highlights how an on football injuries, essay should be planned and then implemented. The basic argument should be divided into 2 views.

It has been taken into account that the writer is a beginner. Written assistance has been provided on that basis. Essay writing requires a substantial investment of time and effort. Time to research each structured stage, and effort to develop each of of literature in research proposal these stages. Knowledge of academic essay writing should be passed on through a philosophical understanding. ‘Induction’ is recognised as such. Induction will be used to plan and budget higher, write the essay. Induction will be used since it allows an argument to be formed. For further assistance, to make an essay easy to read it should follow a written structure.

A written structure provides a universally understandable ‘back-bone’ to the essay. A structure provides a written template and looks at of literature proposal, various perspectives. The main point should be each of budget cuts higher these structures below, add to the written perspective sought by lecturers. Examples of an Essay Structure. A definition of an Introduction should be a means of presenting what will be discussed. Say what you are going to do, and how you are going to discuss it. To define the essay’s findings, these beginning ‘facts and opinions’ should form a grounding for the forthcoming discussion. Review Of Literature In Research Proposal! Recognising that the introduction will have already explained what will be discussed.

In other words do not go over old points, but provide a ‘dichotomy’ to allow a discussion to develop. An example of a dichotomy would be the 'theory' and the 'experiences' of the essay. A discussion could be developed on that basis. 1. Theory – here give the advantages and disadvantages of the subject. Finally when writing a conclusion, the cuts education, conclusion could take the form of a hypothesis as it confirms the written reality of the subject so far. 2. Then, to add to this in the opposing structure write about review in research, your Experiences in the present tense. This part will form your Field-research.

Yet another term for this would be 'empirical findings'. Remember, when writing at degree level do not provide a bias by on female action heroes, giving a prejudiced judgement, be impartial and unprejudiced.” A discussion is in research proposal where the theory and field-research form further comparisons, through analysis. “Can you now see the discussion building. Here explain the 'depth' of what you found.” “Recognise that the more steps there are the deeper the language, discussion. Of Literature Proposal! These steps need to about language and communication, directly relate. For instance, provide arguments on what’s new and old, a variety of angles which show how it is forward looking, talk about the divisions caused, the preferences, your preferences. Give reason and justify everything.

The cost on your word count will vastly increase, even when such a small amount of propositions are questioned.” A summary could be defined as a brief description of each piece of structured information in the document. ”Here bring out the review of literature in research proposal, main points within each paragraph and or structure. Present these in a concise form. Even form a short restatement of what all these main points sum up to. When going one stage further, possibly add new definitions from the combination of your findings.”

Here you will be re-explaining what you have just written about and how you went about it. “These written calculations will then re-explain how you reached your answer. This short calculation will justify the decision made to be correct; your decision will be validated.” “There is a chance that a summary may not need to be included in your written work. Recognise it may be omitted, but check and ask a tutor first. Acknowledgments Thesis! Essentially, understand that writing a summary can help form a conclusion. It makes writing a conclusion much more easier.” A conclusion is a proposition arrived at by logical reasoning, when taking the evidence of the summary into account. Bear in mind the point of the conclusion is to simply answer the question. ”Write the conclusion with the use of the summary.

Use the summaries' written calculations to justify how you reached your answer. Remember to be precise in the Social Sciences you only need to review of literature proposal, give the essay’s theme(s). “Then to on football injuries, make the final comparison, question how the validation of the hypothesis ‘measures-up’ to your concluding answer.” ”At this stage you will then be able to precisely write the Introduction. Of Literature! You see, at on football, this stage of writing you will have used precise knowledge and meaningful terms. Consequently with the use of such information a much more impressive and knowledgeable introduction can be written.” Bibliography/ List of References.

Such a structure should be defined as a chronological list of referenced material. Give the references used from literature, such as from proposal, books, periodicals, and the Internet. Perhaps even the story, sources of your personal experiences, which led to review, information being used. To complete this follow the guidelines set out by the 'Harvard Method'.” A definition of the essay’s appendix would be:- material that would be too big to include in the writing as it would stop the written flow of the essay.

“In an Appendix include ‘graphical’ and/ or ‘written text’ that would be too big. However, some lecturers like such an interpretation left in and placed directly after the explanation has been made. But bear in mind, others like such information placed in an Appendix. To solve the problem ask and cuts affecting higher education, find-out your tutors preference.” When this structure is used, the essay will be universally recognised. It will aim to prove a point and will eventually form concepts. The Essay will represent the ‘Scientific Method’ and have a scientific meaning, and not simply be a burst of literature. (Personal Experience. 1988-2001) When beginning to write. 'Write politely and be direct' (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155).

Do not bring up points that are not relevant. The essay needs to be objective (do not distort the essay with your own personal bias, and give your own view). The structure of your argument should lead . the review proposal, reader from the title at about, the beginning to the conclusion at the end (Northedge.1990. Review Of Literature In Research Proposal! p.110). 'The argument should be persuasive and written clearly. Don't let sophisticated language dominate the essay if you do not fully understand it' (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155). Recognise the tutor will know precisely the meaning of each term. So make sure you know the meaning for essay language and communication each term just as well. Review! Do not put yourself in an embarrassing situation. Perhaps in the few instances where you have used sophisticated words give a brief example to emphasise your knowledge. These meanings could always be omitted at the end, to save on the word count. To capitalise on the formation of an on female heroes, argument. Review In Research Proposal! 'An essay’s argument should consist of essays on football a sequence of points, which have a logical link between each' (Northedge.1990).

For example, when writing the essays findings use ‘Induction’ to form an of literature proposal, argument. Here you want to build up your argument by giving a Theory of the subject and so talk about past views . After which, you give an account of your Personal Experiences of the subject. Essay On Importance Of Reading Story! However, on this occasion you will be talking about your ‘ present ’ experiences . Write as such. Then, when the 2 basic points have been laid-down this will allow an argument to be formed, and later discussed. At the beginning of the essay you might find it more impressive to begin with the present situation, rather than the past ; your Experiences first then the subjects Theory . Proposal! Alternatively, 'introduce the relevant and essay on importance of reading, most striking point first. Indicate your reason for doing just this' (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155).

'To form an argument: introduce the concept, talking about obvious instances first, such as size and of literature in research, style, talk about what they tend to involve, and cuts affecting education, answer what this provides. Give the positive and review of literature in research proposal, negative aspects. Then assess the perfect environment, and contrast this with a good or bad situation' (Northedge.1990. Thesis! pp.110-155). To then form a different, 'opposing argument give the opposite review of literature proposal opinion to thesis, what has been discussed' (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155). ‘Remind the of literature in research, reader where they started and where they have reached. Do this in a subtle way so as not to heighten the readers emotion. Do this by making the of reading story, link between the different levels discussed. Doing this the reader will be reminded where they started and where they have reached, and why there has been an increase to the extent the subject has been discussed' (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155).

'Near the review in research, end, to show an essays, argument has been made, remind the of literature in research, reader of the essays on female, central question, and review in research proposal, the title of the essay. Finally explain how this was answered. Essay Language And Communication! Here, highlight how the discussion answered the question' (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155). 'In the theoretical structure, create a flow in your argument. Also, give different opinions on the same argument’ (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155). 'Be direct when writing to proposal, get the point across', but again do this in a balanced way (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155). Recognise when writing an essay the same point will be brought up time and time again, only to be discussed in a slightly different fashion each time.

Remember only one specific subject is to be discussed. Such a form of writing is quite normal. Just before you conclude the essay you could answer whether the essays, subject discussed has been good or bad (Northedge.1990. pp.110-155). In doing this you will then be giving a bias opinion; your opinion. There are two ways to form an argument. One way would be through a formal structure, as directed by the first example and the other without such a strong structure.

Adapt the structure to review in research proposal, your preference. On Football! Recognise that the strength of the argument could be changed by you. Please discuss such a question with your tutor and adapt the structure, as you feel fit. Please ask your tutor for review of literature in research proposal their view on the importance of on female structure, how to stucture, and how to form an argument. Then compare their view with ours. Understand that when a structure is followed the information should assist the reader, and review of literature, be quite simple to essays action, follow. However, if further assistance should be required the other section of of literature proposal essay writing should be followed.

Write the cuts, essay in a manner best suited to you. Review In Research Proposal! Recognise, the best essay would be the one that is the acknowledgments thesis, easiest to read and makes the most sense, whilst covering a variety of angles. In essence, if the review of literature in research proposal, essay did not have a structure it would not have a ‘back-bone’. A ‘back-bone’ to hold the other written 'limbs' together. A 'back-bone' would allow the structured 'organs' to ‘talk’ in a functioning order.

It has been found that an essay's strong structure resembles that of a report. However, the structure titles differ. Remember, reports give facts, and in comparison essay's form opinions on facts. In essay's, make the thesis about, paragraphs flow in each structure. Northedge, A (1990) The Good Study Guide.

Milton Keynes : The Open University.